The Design, Implementation, and Audit of Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

The Design, Implementation, and Audit of Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems

1st Edition

By Ron C. McKinnon

CRC Press

288 pages | 66 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780367226909
pub: 2019-12-13
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This book covers the design, implementation, and auditing of structured occupational health and safety management systems (SMS), sometimes referred to as safety programs. Every workplace has a form of SMS in place as required by safety regulations and laws.

The Design, Implementation, and Audit of Occupational Health and Safety Management Systems describes some of the elements that constitute an SMS, the implementation process, and the auditing of the conformance to standards. It covers more than 60 processes, programs, or standards of a system, and gives important background information on each element. Guidelines and examples show how to design and implement the risk-based processes, programs and standards, and how to audit them against standards.

The text is based on actual SMS implementation experiences across a wide range of industries. It offers a roadmap to any organization which has no structured SMS. It will guide them through the process of upgrading their health and safety processes to conform to local and international standards. It will lead them away from relying on reactive safety measures such as injury rates, to proactive actions which are measured by the audit of the system.


  • Covers more than 60 elements of a safety management system (SMS)
  • Provides practical examples of how to design, implement, and audit a structured SMS
  • Based on actual SMS implementation experience across a wide range of industries
  • Presents the integration of an SMS into the day-to-day functions of the organization

Table of Contents

1. Introduction. 2. The Philosophy of Safety. 3. Principles of Safety Management. 4. Other?? Part 1: Safety Leadership and Organization. 5. Health and Safety Policies: Management leadership and Involvement. 6. Safety Authority, Responsibility and Accountability. 7. Health and Safety Management Systems (SMS). 8. Safety, Health and Environmental Policies/Standards/ Processes. 9. Safety Performance Indicators? Part 2: Objectives. 10. Risk Management (HIRA). 11. Risk Assessment. 12. Health and Safety Representatives. 13. Employee Consultation and Participation. 14. Safety Inspections. 15. Safety Posters and Signs. 16. Safety Suggestion Schemes. 17. Written Safe Work Procedures and Job Observation. 18. Safety Induction Training. 19. Communication, Safety Newsletters, Videos, Safety Publicity Boards. 20. Health and Safety Committees. 21. Continuous Improvement Program. 22. Safe Management of Change. 23. Employee job Specifications. 24. Safety and Health Auditing Internal External 3rd party Internal SMS Audits. 25. Safety Competitions. 26. WorkPermits. 27. Health and Safety Training. 28. The Safety Coordinator ANSI Std. 29. The Industrial Hygienist. 30. Management SMS Review. 31. Annual Report: OH and Safety. Part 3: Workplace Environment Conditions. 32. Housekeeping. 33. Hygiene Amenities. 34. Stacking and Storage Practices. 35. Environmental Control (Pollution). 36. Labelling. 37. Color-Coding. 38. Demarcation of Work Area. 39. Structures, Buildings, Floors, and Openings. 40. Industrial Hygiene. 41. Hearing Conservation. 42. Occupational Stress. 43. Scrap,Waste and Refuse Bins. Part 4: Accident and Near Miss Incident Reporting and Investigation. 44. Register of Injuries and Diseases. 45. Accident and Near Miss Incident Reporting and Recording. 46. Accident and Near Miss Incident Investigation. 47. Near Miss Incident Reporting System. 48. Injury, Damage, Loss Statistics. 49. Accident and Near Miss Incident Recall. 50. Return to Work Program. 51. Cost of Risk. Part 5: Emergency Preparedness, Fire Prevention and Protection. 52. Fire Risk Assessment. 53. Fire Prevention and Protection Equip. 54. Alarm Systems. 55. Emergency Plans. 56. Flammable Substance Storage. 57. First Aid. 58. First Aid Stations and Equipment. 59. Firefighting Drill and Instruction. 60. Fire Prevention Coordinator. Electrical, Mechanical and Personal Safeguarding. 61. Portable Electrical Equipment. 62. Fixed Electrical Installation. 63. Arc Flash Safety. 64. Ground-Fault Interrupters. 65. Machine Guarding. 66. Ladder Safety. 67. Safety Signs. 68. Hazardous Substance Control. 69. Welding Safety. 70. Hand Tools. 71. Illumination. 72. Ergonomics. 73. Lockout (Energy Control Systems). 74. Personal Protective Equipment. 75. Blood Borne Pathogens Program. 76. Return to Work Program. 77. Public Safety. 78. Contractor Safety Program. 79. Food Safety Program. 80. Safety Check-Lists.

About the Author

Ron C. McKinnon,CSP(1999 – 2016), is an internationally experienced and acknowledged safety professional, author, motivator and presenter. He has been extensively involved in safety research concerning the cause, effect, and control of accidental loss, near miss incident reporting, accident investigation, safety promotion and the implementation of health and safety management systems for the last 46 years.

Ron C. McKinnon received a National Diploma in Technical Teaching from the Pretoria College for Advanced Technical Education, a Diploma in Safety Management from the Technikon SA, South Africa, and a Management Development Diploma (MDP) from the University of South Africa, in Pretoria. He received a Master’s Degree in Safety and Health Engineering from the Columbia Southern University.

From 1973 to 1994, Ron C. McKinnon worked at the National Occupational Safety Association of South Africa (NOSA), in various capacities, including General Manager of Operations and then Marketing. He is experienced in the implementation of health and safety management systems, auditing, and safety culture change interventions. During his tenure with NOSA, he gained valuable experience in auditing of safety management systems in numerous countries.

From 1995 to 1999, Ron C. McKinnon was safety consultant and safety advisor to Magma Copper and BHP Copper North America, respectively.

In 2001 Ron spent two years in Zambia introducing world’s best safety practices to the copper mining industry.

After spending two years in Hawaii at the Gemini Observatory, he returned back to South Africa. He recently contracted as the Principal Consultant to Saudi Electricity Company (SEC), Riyadh, to implement a world’s best practice safety management system (Aligned to OHSAS 18,001), throughout its operations across the Kingdom involving 33,000 employees, 27,000 contractors, 9 consultants and 70 Safety Engineers.

Ron C. McKinnon is the author of "Cause, Effect and Control of Accidental Loss," (2000), "Safety Management, Near Miss Identification, Recognition and Investigation," (2012), "Changing the Workplace Safety Culture," (2014),and Risk-based, Management-led, Audit-driven Safety Management Systems" (2016), all published by CRC Press, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton, USA. He is also the author of "Changing Safety’s Paradigms," published in 2007 by Government Institutes, USA, and the second edition published in 2018.

Ron C. McKinnon is a retired professional member of the ASSP (American Society of Safety Professionals) and an honorary member of the Institute of Safety Management. He is currently a health and safety management system consultant, safety culture change agent, motivator and trainer. He is often a keynote speaker at safety conferences, and consults to international organizations.

About the Series

Workplace Safety, Risk Management, and Industrial Hygiene

This new series will provide the reader with a comprehensive selection of publications covering all topics appertaining to the health and safety of people at work, at home, and during recreation. It will deal with the technical aspects of the profession, as well as the psychological ramifications of safe human behavior. This new series will include books covering the areas of accident prevention, loss control, physical risk management, safety management systems, occupational safety, industrial hygiene, occupational medicine, public safety, home safety, recreation safety, safety management, injury management, near miss incident management, school safety guidance, and other related areas within the Occupational Health and Safety discipline.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Management Science
BUSINESS & ECONOMICS / Industrial Management
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Engineering
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety