1st Edition

The Digital Transformation of Labor
Automation, the Gig Economy and Welfare




ISBN 9781032084930
Published June 30, 2021 by Routledge
372 Pages 14 B/W Illustrations

USD $48.95

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Book Description

Through a series of studies, the overarching aim of this book is to investigate if and how the digitalization/digital transformation process causes (or may cause) the autonomy of various labor functions, and its impact in creating (or stymieing) various job opportunities on the labor market. This book also seeks to illuminate what actors/groups are mostly benefited by the digitalization/digital transformation and which actors/groups that are put at risk by it.





This book takes its point of departure from a 2016 OECD report that contends that the impact digitalization has on the future of labor is ambiguous, as on the one hand it is suggested that technological change is labor-saving, but on the other hand, it is suggested that digital technologies have not created new jobs on a scale that it replaces old jobs. Another 2018 OECD report indicated that digitalization and automation as such does not pose a real risk of destroying any significant number of jobs for the foreseeable future, although tasks would by and large change significantly. This would affects welfare, as most of its revenue stems from taxation, and particularly so from the taxation on labor (directly or indirectly). For this reason, this book will set out to explore how the future technological and societal advancements impact labor conditions.





The book seeks to provide an innovative, enriching and controversial take on how various aspects of the labor market can be (and are) affected the ongoing digitalization trend in a way that is not covered by extant literature. As such, this book intends to cater to a wider readership, from a general audience and students, to specialized professionals and academics wanting to gain a deeper understanding of the possible future developments of the labor market in light of an accelerating digitalization/digital transformation of society at large.

Table of Contents



Foreword: galaxy incognito



DR. KJELL A. NORDSTRÖM



1 A journey of a thousand miles: an introduction to the digitalization of labor



ANTHONY LARSSON



PART I Practical utilization of new technologies



2 Behind the history of labor: technology as the driving force



ALEXANDER BARD, JAN SÖDERQVIST AND ANTHONY LARSSON



3 The substitution of labor: from technological feasibility to other factors influencing the potential of job automation



JOCHEM VAN DER ZANDE, KAROLINE TEIGLAND, SHAHRYAR SIRI AND ROBIN TEIGLAND



4 Minimum wages for online labor platforms? Regulating the global gig economy



ALEX J. WOOD, MARK GRAHAM AND MOHAMMAD AMIR ANWAR



5 The digital disruption of science: governments and scientists toward an “Open Science”



ANTOINE MAIRE



6 Black boxes of cognitive computers and the impact on labor markets



VICTOR ERIK BERNHARDTZ



7 AI leadership and the future of corporate governance: changing demands for board competence



FERNANDA TORRE, ROBIN TEIGLAND AND LISELOTTE ENGSTAM



PART II The role of the digital welfare state



8 Polarization, tax revenue and the welfare state: digital disruption or still standing strong?



MÅRTEN BLIX



9 Welfare states and digitalization



BENT GREVE



10 “Gig patients”: health and dental care in the gig economy



ANTHONY LARSSON AND DOMINIKA SABOLOVÁ



PART III Digital disruption of status quo



11 GDPR: what are the risks and who benefits?



ANTHONY LARSSON AND PERNILLA LILJA



12 Players for hire: games and the future of low-skill work



EDWARD CASTRONOVA



13 The global gig economy: toward a planetary labor market



MARK GRAHAM AND MOHAMMAD AMIR ANWAR



14 Identifying the digital gender divide: how digitalization may affect the future working conditions for women



ANTHONY LARSSON AND YAMIT VIITAOJA



15 Consulting in the digital era? The role of tomorrow’s management consultants



ANTHONY LARSSON, NICOLE ANDERSSON, PETER MARKOWSKI, MALIN NILSSON AND IVY MAYOR



16 Digitalization, circular economy and the future of labor: how circular economy and digital transformation can affect labor



ANTHONY LARSSON AND LINN LINDFRED



PART IV Conclusion



17 Conclusion: the digital transformation of labor – where do we go from here?



ANTHONY LARSSON



Afterword: impact of digitalization on employment and working conditions



JOHN ØVRETVEIT



Index

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Editor(s)

Biography

Anthony Larsson (Ph.D.) is a researcher at the Stockholm School of Economics Institute for Research (SIR), Sweden. He holds a Ph.D. from Karolinska Institutet, Sweden. He also holds an MBA and M.Sc. degrees in political science, social anthropology, and business administration and economics respectively, as well as an associate degree in psychology.





Robin Teigland (Ph.D.) is Professor of Management of Digitalization in the Entrepreneurship and Strategy Division at the Department of Technology Management and Economics at Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden. She is also Professor of Business Administration with a specialization in strategic information systems management at the Stockholm School of Economics in Sweden and a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences.