Through a series of studies, the overarching aim of this book is to investigate if and how the digitalization/digital transformation process causes (or may cause) the autonomy of various labor functions, and its impact in creating (or stymieing) various job opportunities on the labor market. This book also seeks to illuminate what actors/groups are mostly benefited by the digitalization/digital transformation and which actors/groups that are put at risk by it.
This book takes its point of departure from a 2016 OECD report that contends that the impact digitalization has on the future of labor is ambiguous, as on the one hand it is suggested that technological change is labor-saving, but on the other hand, it is suggested that digital technologies have not created new jobs on a scale that it replaces old jobs. Another 2018 OECD report indicated that digitalization and automation as such does not pose a real risk of destroying any significant number of jobs for the foreseeable future, although tasks would by and large change significantly. This would affects welfare, as most of its revenue stems from taxation, and particularly so from the taxation on labor (directly or indirectly). For this reason, this book will set out to explore how the future technological and societal advancements impact labor conditions.
The book seeks to provide an innovative, enriching and controversial take on how various aspects of the labor market can be (and are) affected the ongoing digitalization trend in a way that is not covered by extant literature. As such, this book intends to cater to a wider readership, from a general audience and students, to specialized professionals and academics wanting to gain a deeper understanding of the possible future developments of the labor market in light of an accelerating digitalization/digital transformation of society at large.
Foreword: galaxy incognito
DR. KJELL A. NORDSTRÖM
1 A journey of a thousand miles: an introduction to the digitalization of labor
PART I Practical utilization of new technologies
2 Behind the history of labor: technology as the driving force
ALEXANDER BARD, JAN SÖDERQVIST AND ANTHONY LARSSON
3 The substitution of labor: from technological feasibility to other factors influencing the potential of job automation
JOCHEM VAN DER ZANDE, KAROLINE TEIGLAND, SHAHRYAR SIRI AND ROBIN TEIGLAND
4 Minimum wages for online labor platforms? Regulating the global gig economy
ALEX J. WOOD, MARK GRAHAM AND MOHAMMAD AMIR ANWAR
5 The digital disruption of science: governments and scientists toward an “Open Science”
6 Black boxes of cognitive computers and the impact on labor markets
VICTOR ERIK BERNHARDTZ
7 AI leadership and the future of corporate governance: changing demands for board competence
FERNANDA TORRE, ROBIN TEIGLAND AND LISELOTTE ENGSTAM
PART II The role of the digital welfare state
8 Polarization, tax revenue and the welfare state: digital disruption or still standing strong?
9 Welfare states and digitalization
10 “Gig patients”: health and dental care in the gig economy
ANTHONY LARSSON AND DOMINIKA SABOLOVÁ
PART III Digital disruption of status quo
11 GDPR: what are the risks and who benefits?
ANTHONY LARSSON AND PERNILLA LILJA
12 Players for hire: games and the future of low-skill work
13 The global gig economy: toward a planetary labor market
MARK GRAHAM AND MOHAMMAD AMIR ANWAR
14 Identifying the digital gender divide: how digitalization may affect the future working conditions for women
ANTHONY LARSSON AND YAMIT VIITAOJA
15 Consulting in the digital era? The role of tomorrow’s management consultants
ANTHONY LARSSON, NICOLE ANDERSSON, PETER MARKOWSKI, MALIN NILSSON AND IVY MAYOR
16 Digitalization, circular economy and the future of labor: how circular economy and digital transformation can affect labor
ANTHONY LARSSON AND LINN LINDFRED
PART IV Conclusion
17 Conclusion: the digital transformation of labor – where do we go from here?
Afterword: impact of digitalization on employment and working conditions