The Domestic Politics of International Trade considers the issues surrounding intellectual property rights in international trade negotiations in order to examine the challenges posed to domestic policy-makers by the increasingly broad nature of Free Trade Agreements (FTAs). Throughout the book the author demonstrates the importance of domestic politics in understanding the nature and outcome of international negotiations, particularly as they relate to international economic diplomacy.
The book looks in detail at the intellectual property negotiations which formed part of the US-Peru and US-Colombia Free Trade Agreements and analyses the extent to which public health authorities and other parties affected by the increased levels of intellectual property protection were integrated into the negotiation process. The book then juxtaposes these findings with an analysis of the domestic origins of US negotiation objectives in the field of intellectual property, paying particular attention to the role of the private sector in the development of these objectives. Based on a substantial amount of empirical research, including approximately 100 interviews with negotiators, capital based policy-makers, private sector representatives, and civil society organisations in Lima, Bogotá and Washington, DC, this book offers a rare account of different stakeholders’ perceptions of the FTA negotiation process. Ultimately, the book succeeds in integrating the study of domestic politics with that of international negotiations.
This book will be of particular interest to academics as well as practitioners and students in the fields of international law, economic law, intellectual property, political economy, international relations, comparative politics and government.
Table of Contents
1. Economic Diplomacy on Multiple Levels 2. Integrating IPRs into the International Trading System 3. Negotiating IPRs: A Defensive Position of Developing Countries and the New Challenges Posed by FTAs 4. The Domestic Source of Peru’s and Colombia’s Engagement in the FTA Negotiations 5. The US-Peru and US-Colombia FTA Negotiations 6. The Domestic Framework of US Economic Diplomacy 7. The Impact of US Domestic Policy Change on the Integration of IPRs/Health Concerns into the US-Peru and US-Colombia FTAs 8. Conclusion
Johanna von Braun has been working in the fields of intellectual property, trade and development for over ten years. She currently lives in South Africa where she was based as a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Cape Town during the writing of the book.