This book is a comparative study which aims to answer the question: under what circumstances does the EU undertake military operations?
Since 2003, the EU has carried out six military operations. What accounts for this historic development? The EU and Military Operations examines the dynamics behind the EU´s collective use of force and situates the EU in the context of a global division of labour with regard to military crisis management. It centres on the study of two main cases of EU military operations: the non-case when an operation was planned in the Lebanon war 2006 but did not occur, and the positive case of EUFOR RD Congo that same year.
Drawing upon these findings, the author creates an innovative analytical framework based upon the techniques of defence planning, and applies this to the cases studies with the purpose of identifying the main driving and inhibiting factors behind the operations. Key findings derived from this analysis include the growing importance of local actors in facilitating or impeding the EU´s deployment of military force and the enhanced role of regional organisations as security providers.
The book will be of much interest to students of European security, EU politics, strategic studies, humanitarian intervention, security studies and IR in general.
"Engberg’s thoughtful empirical analysis shows that the EU’s military forces help to prevent and stop wars and preserve the peace in many world regions, and she shows whether, when, how, and why they are more or less likely to succeed."-- Jorge I. Domínguez, Harvard University, USA
"When does the EU intervene militarily? In this book, well-placed practitioner-scholar Katarina Engberg studies the EU's experience in recent years. Distinguishing between driving and inhibiting factors, Engberg succeeds in conveying a deeper understanding of the EU's ability to act in increasingly multilateralised military operations for peace and security. The dissection of the interplay between the EU and determined local actors is central to this unique investigation."--Peter Wallensteen, Uppsala University, Sweden and University of Notre Dame, USA
1. Introduction: Purpose and Overview 2. The Study of Military Operations 3. The First Operations 4. The non-case of the Lebanon war 2006 5. Operation EUFOR RD Congo 2006 6. Comparing the two main cases: the Lebanon war and Operation EUFOR RD Congo 7. Sahel and Congo DRC, again 8. The Horn of Africa, Northern Africa, Sahel, the Levant (?) 9. Comparative Analysis and Conclusions
The aim of this series is to bring together the key experts on European security from the academic and policy worlds, and assess the state of play of the EU as an international security actor. The series explores the EU, and its member states, security policy and practices in a changing global and regional context. While the focus is on the politico-military dimension, security is put in the context of the holistic approach advocated by the EU.