This book examines the effectiveness of multilateralism in ensuring collective security and, in particular, the EU’s role in this process.
In 1992, shortly after the end of the Cold War, a Security Council Summit in New York reaffirmed the salience of the system of collective security and stated the determination of the Heads of State to maintain it as the prime international instrument for preserving peace. Twenty years later, however, the record of collective security as well as of multilateralism has not been very encouraging. The system of collective security, as enshrined in the United Nations (UN) Charter, failed repeatedly to accomplish its mandate in the 1990s and has led to controversial debates in the United States and Europe that reached a climax during the Iraq crisis in 2002/03.
The volume draws upon both theoretical and empirical research to answer the following core questions:
- What are the reasons that have made multilateralism either effective or ineffective in the field of peacekeeping, peace preservation and peacebuilding?
- How can multilateralism be made more effective?
- How can attempts made by Europe to render UN multilateralism in the security area more efficient be assessed?
This book will be of much interest to students of peacebuilding/peacekeeping, EU policy, the UN, security studies and IR in general.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Effectiveness of Multilateralism in the Field of Collective Security, Joachim Krause and Natalino Ronzitti Part I: Theoretical Approaches to and Historical Developments of Global Governance in the Field of Collective Security 1. Global Governance in the Field of Collective Security – How to Make Multilateralism more Effective, Joachim Krause 2. Effectiveness and Ineffectiveness of the UN Security Council in the Last 20 Years: a European Perspective, David Hannay 3. Effectiveness and Ineffectiveness of the UN Security Council in the Last 20 Years: a US Perspective, John van Oudenaren Part II: The UN Security Council 4. The reform of the UN Security Council, Natalino Ronzitti 5. The EU’s Contribution to the Effectiveness of the UN Security Council between Presence and Impact, Nicoletta Pirozzi Part III: UN Peacekeeping 6. UN Peacekeeping Missions during the Past Two Decades – How Effective Have They Been?, Denis Tull 7. Options for Improving EU-UN Cooperation in the Field Of Peacekeeping, Alexandra Novosseloff Part IV: International Peacebuilding and State-building 8. International Peacebuilding and State-building Efforts: How Effective Have They Been?, Keith Crane 9. Building Peace in Post-Conflict Environments: Why and How the UN and the EU Interact, Thierry Tardy 10. Constructing a Framework of Effective Multilateralism: Conclusions for the Field of Collective Security, Inna Melnykovska and Nicoletta Pirozzi Appendices Appendix 1. The UN Security Council Reform Process: Recent Developments, Elisabetta Martini Appendix 2. Joint Declaration on UN-EU Cooperation in Crisis Management Appendix 3. Joint Statement on UN-EU Cooperation in Crisis Management Appendix 4. Major Stages of the Institutionalization of the UN-EU Cooperation Appendix 5. Contributions of European States to UN Peacekeeping Operations Appendix 6. EU Autonomous Operation in Support of a UN Peace Operations Appendix 7. Operations Involving UN-EU Cooperation since 2003
Joachim Krause is Professor of International Relations at the Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel (Germany) and Director of the Institute for Security Policy at the University of Kiel (ISUK), and member of the Scientific Council of the Research Institute of the German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP). He has published more than 20 books and more than 150 articles.
Natalino Ronzitti is Professor of International Law (former Chair of International Law at LUISS University of Rome) and member of the Institut de Droit International. He is also an advisory expert for the Instituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), Rome. He has authored or edited 40 books, in both English and Italian.
"A work, in the complex, rich in problematic points, to each of which correspond accurate examination and analysis of situations." - Giorgio Bosco (2012)