1st Edition

The EU–Japan Partnership in the Shadow of China The Crisis of Liberalism

    284 Pages 3 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    282 Pages 3 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Both the European Union and Japan have been major beneficiaries and supporters of the liberal international order, first led by the United States since the end of World War II. During this period, they have emerged as global powers, however, the very order that nurtured their rise is now facing twin threats. First, through authoritarian China’s promotion of alternative models of global governance, and second from a crisis of liberalism, manifested in the policies of President Donald Trump and Brexit.

    This book explores these challenges faced by both the EU and Japan, providing a multidisciplinary approach to studying the relationship between the two. It analyses their cooperation in terms of security, defence and trade and examines how their shared normative values are ultimately implemented. Having recently concluded an Economic Partnership Agreement and with a Strategic Partnership Agreement in the pipeline, this book asks whether they can convert their latent and modest cooperation into an alternative form of leadership and an antidote to the illiberal tide sweeping the developed world?

    As the first book to shed light on the new Economic Partnership Agreement between the EU and Japan, this book will be useful to students and scholars of Japanese Studies, as well as European Union politics and international political economy more generally.

    1. Introduction: now or never, Marie Söderberg, Axel Berkofsky, Christopher W. Hughes and Paul Midford

    Part I: Political and security cooperation

    2. The strategic partnership agreement: new and better or more of the same EUJapan security cooperation? Axel Berkofsky

    3. Abe’s pro-active pacifism, values diplomacy: implications for EUJapan political and security cooperation, Paul Midford

    4. Ordinary/civilian, not normative/post-modern: lessons from the EU for Japanese security policy, Paul Bacon and Hidetoshi Nakamura

    5. Japan and EU defence production cooperation: a strategically important but nascent relationship, Christopher W. Hughes

    Part II: Political economy, development, and normative issues

    6. EUJapan relations in the age of competitive economic governance in Asia, Maaike Okano-Heijmans and Takashi Terada

    7. Taking the lead in current and future trade relationships, Patricia A. Nelson 

    8. Negative interest rate policy by the Bank of Japan from the perspective of monetary policy in Europe, Markus Heckel

    9. EU and Japanese aid and trade: legitimising "Chinese Democrary" in ASEAN, André Asplund

    10. Japan and the EU: SDGs and changing patterns of development cooperation, Marie Söderberg

    Part III: Reflections by the two superpowers

    11. The evolution of America’s implicit support of EUJapan security relations, Jeffrey W. Hornung

    12. From "wider west" to "strategic alliance": an assessment of China’s influence in EUJapan relations, Lilei Song and Liang Cai

    13. Conclusions: the way forward, Marie Söderberg, Axel Berkofsky, Christopher W. Hughes and Paul Midford


    Axel Berkofsky is Senior Lecturer at the University of Pavia, Italy, Senior Associate Research Fellow at the Milan-based Istituto per gli Studi di Politica Internazionale (ISPI) and Research Affiliate at the European Centre for Japanese Studies at the Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.

    Christopher W. Hughes is Professor of International Politics and Japanese Studies at the University of Warwick, UK. He is the author of Japan’s Foreign and Security Policy under the ‘Abe Doctrine’ (2015), and co-editor of The Pacific Review.

    Paul Midford is Professor of Political Science and Director of the NTNU Japan Program at the

    Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Trondheim, Norway. He is the author of Rethinking Japanese Public Opinion and Security: From Pacifism to Realism? (2011).

    Marie Söderberg is a Professor and Director of the European Institute of Japanese Studies at the Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden. She is also the chairperson of the European Japan Advanced Research Network executive committee.