1st Edition

The Early Avant-Garde in Twentieth-Century Literature and Art

By Willard Bohn Copyright 2018
    190 Pages
    by Routledge

    190 Pages
    by Routledge

    Continue Shopping

    This book focuses on avant-garde literature and art in Europe and America during the first quarter of the twentieth century. It examines five movements that shaped our response to the demands of the modern age and contributed to the creation of a modern sensibility: Cubism, Futurism, the Metaphysical School, Dada, and Surrealism. Each of these arose in response to recent scientific, technological, and/or philosophical developments that drastically affected modern civilization. In turn, each was responsible for a major paradigm shift that altered the way in which we view—and respond to--the world around us. The final chapter is comparative in nature and studies the role of the mannequin in literature and art during the same period.


    List of Illustrations



    1. Inventing Cubism

    Pablo Picasso, Gertrude Stein, and Guillaume Apollinaire

    Pierre Reverdy and the Ascetic Muse

    2. Initiating Futurism

    F. T. Marinetti

    Other Futurist Poets

    3. The Metaphysical Imagination

    Giorgio de Chirico’s French Poetry

    Giorgio de Chirico’s Italian Poetry

    4. Dada Gambits 0

    Visualizing Women in Creating Dada Poetry

    5. Conceiving Surrealism  Magnetic Fields

    Two Surrealist Heroes

    Three Surrealist Women

    6. Mannequins and Faceless Mannequins

    Birth of the Faceless Mannequin

    Metaphysical Mannequins

    Dada Mannequins

    Surrealist Mannequins





    Willard Bohn is Distinguished Professor Emeritus of French and Comparative Literature at Illinois State University. He received his Ph. D. in French from the University of California at Berkeley and has been a visiting Research Fellow at Oxford University, the University of Cambridge,and Durham University among others. In 2005 he was elected Oliver Smithies Lecturer, Balliol College, Oxford University. An active scholar, Professor Bohn has published 158 scholarly articles and seventeen books including The Aesthetics of Visual Poetry, The Rise of Surrealism, and The Avant-Garde Imperative.