1st Edition

The East African Community Intraregional Integration and Relations with the EU

    228 Pages 14 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    228 Pages 14 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This book brings together African and European experts from a variety of disciplines to examine the origins and current state of the East African Community (EAC). Over the course of the book, the authors analyse the rich tapestry of intraregional relations in East Africa, the EAC’s similarities with the European Union and the future challenges faced by the organisation.

    Widely regarded as the most advanced and successful regional integration scheme in Africa, the EAC is an intergovernmental organisation consisting of Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda and, since 2016, South Sudan. It is the oldest among Africa’s regional economic communities, and among the continent’s most promising growth areas, with a long history of integration, punctuated by several false starts and traumas that have profoundly affected its body politics. When initially set up, the EAC model bore a striking resemblance to the process undergone by the European Union. Now, as the EAC continues to establish its own identity, this book argues that whilst Europe’s history may provide useful insights for EAC member states, the EAC experience could in turn also offer lessons for the European Union.

    Covering key dimensions such as integration, co-operation, development, trade and investments, this book highlights the intricate and complex relationships between East African states, and it will be of interest to researchers working on economic development, international relations, peace and security and African studies.


    Introduction: A Journey Towards Regional Integration

    Jean-Marc Trouille

    Part 1: History and Legal Structures

    1. Rethinking the Collapse of the First East African Community (1977): Lessons for the EU

    Asteris Huliaras and Sophia Kalantzakos

    2. Contrasting Political Systems and the Challenge of Regional Integration in East Africa

    Charles Amone

    3. Regulating the EAC: The Origins, Jurisdiction and Authority of the East African Court of Justice

    Helen Trouille

    Part 2: The Economics of Integration

    4. An Analysis of Trade Trends in Africa: the EU and China in East Africa

    Lynette A. Odondi

    5. The East African Community: Strong Dimensions, Weak Dimensions and Challenges

    José Mella

    6. Legal and Institutional Framework for Equitable Distribution of Foreign Direct Investments in the East African Community

    Elvis Mbembe Binda

    Part 3: Politics of Integration

    7. Why the European Union is Not Enough: Germany's Bilateral Promotion of Regional Integration in the East African Community

    Harrison Kalunga Mwilima

    8. The EAC and the Burundi Crisis: The East African Standby Force as an Instrument for Security Integration

    Gérard Birantamije

    9. South Sudan: Challenges and Chances as a Member of the EAC

    Dirk Hansohm

    Part 4: Social Integration and Civil Society

    10. Social Integration: A Reflection on Migration, Education, Normative Power and Human Rights in the East African Community

    Penine Uwimbabazi

    11. Democratic Overstay and the Revolting Constituency: The EU at the Crossroads in (East) Africa

    Julaina A. Obika and Moses Onyango

    12. Concluding Remarks: The East African Community and the European Union: Observations by a Practitioner

    Roeland van de Geer



    Jean-Marc Trouille is Jean Monnet Professor in European Economic Integration at the University of Bradford, UK, and the Principal Investigator of the EU Commission’s Jean Monnet Network ‘The European Union, Africa and China in the Global Age’ (EU-EAC).

    Helen Trouille is Senior Lecturer in Law at York St John University, UK, a Solicitor and Court interpreter. She is an associate partner of the EU–EAC Jean Monnet Network.

    Penine Uwimbabazi is Professor of Policy Analysis and Conflict Transformation and Deputy Vice Chancellor for Academics at the Protestant Institute of Arts and Social Sciences in Huye, Rwanda. She is the representative of the EU–EAC Jean Monnet Network in Rwanda.