In the autumn of 2014, thousands of people, young and educated in their majority, occupied the chief business district and seat of the government in Hong Kong. The protest, known as the Umbrella Movement, called for ‘genuine democracy’, as well as a fairer social and economic system.
The book aims to provide a dynamic framework to explain why socioeconomic forces converged to produce such a situation. Examining increasing inequality, rising prices and stagnating incomes, it stresses the role of economic and social factors, as opposed to the domestic political and constitutional issues often assumed to be the root cause behind the protests. It first argues that globalization and the increasing influence of China’s economy in Hong Kong has weighted on salaries. Second, it shows that the oligopolistic nature of the local economy has generated rents, which have reinforced inequality. The book demonstrates that the younger generation, which is still finding its place in society, has been particularly affected by these phenomena, especially with social mobility at a low point.
Offering a new approach to studying the Umbrella Movement, this book will appeal to students and scholars interested in Hong Kong's political landscape, as well Chinese politics more broadly.
Table of Contents
1. The Institutional Context: The Main Principles of "One Country, Two Systems" and the National People’s Congress Standing Committee Decision
2. The Bumpy Road of Hong Kong Economy between China and Globalization, and the Disenchantment of the Youth
3. China and Globalization Forces in the Rise of Inequality and the Prospects for Educated Youth
4. Closing the Loop: Oligopolistic Hong Kong – the Local Economy in the Shadow of the Competition Ordinance and Taxation Policies
Louis Augustin-Jean is Research Fellow in the Centre for Economic Research, the University of Paris-North (CEPN).
Anthea H.Y. Cheung is Visiting Lecturer in the Department of Chinese and Bilingual Studies at Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong.