Community forestry is an expanding model of forest management around the world. Over a quarter of forests in developing countries are now owned by or assigned to communities and there is a growing community forestry movement in developed countries such as Canada and the USA. There is, however, no economic theory of community forestry and no systematic treatment of the potential economic advantages of promoting Community forestry in developed countries. As a result much of the policy debate over forest management and forest tenure rests on confused and often erroneous views held by policy makers and encouraged by the dominant forestry industry.
The Economic Theory of Community Forestry aims to address this gap and provides the tools for understanding community forestry movement as an alternative form of ownership that can mobilize community resources and encourage innovation. It uses a wide range of economic principles to show how community forestry can be economically superior to conventional forestry; provides examples from Canadian practice; and discusses the regulatory regime that policy makers must put in place to benefit from community forestry.
This book will be of interest to policy makers, activists, community forestry managers and members, foresters and forestry students.
1 The Plan of the Book
I SETTING THE SCENE
2 What is Community Forestry?
3 Traditional Territories, Industrial Forestry, and the Community Forest
4 Tenure, Property Rights, Community Rights
II ECONOMIC THEORY
5 Forests and Joint Production
6 Human Capital and Social Capital
7 The Efficiency of Community Forestry
8 Externalities and Community Forestry
9 Public goods and public forests
10 Transaction cost theory applied to community forestry
11 The Creative Potential of Community Forestry: the small world phenomenon
12 Coops, worker managed firms and community forests
13 Community Forestry and the Professional Forester
14 Conclusions and Policy Advice
Routledge Explorations in Environmental Economics was established in 2001 and has since provided a key port of call for leading research in the field. As well as the core discipline of environmental economics, the remit of the series extends to natural resources, ecological economics, environmental studies and environmental science, with issues explored including energy, permit trading, valuation, taxation and climate change. The series is edited by Nick Hanley of the University of St Andrews.