1st Edition

The Economics and Regulation of Digitalisation The Case of Türkiye

Edited By Muzaffer Eroglu, Matthias Finger, Emin Köksal Copyright 2025
    250 Pages 40 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Turkey offers an interesting case study, both when it comes to the practice and the regulation of digitalisation, as it combines a Western economic and legal system with an emerging country approach to digitalisation. This co-edited volume examines the history, policies, economics and various regulations of digitalisation in Turkey.

    Chapters provide a comprehensive overview of how digitalisation has developed in Turkey and how digitalisation has come to be regulated, inspired by EU legislation yet with a “Turkish touch”. It explores the take up of digitalisation by industry, society, and government, before delving into examples from fin-tech and cryptocurrency, to social media and e-commerce, and yielding lessons for comparable emerging countries.

    Covering all the relevant aspects of digitalisation, this book will be of interest to academics and students, particularly to those with an interest in innovation, economics of digitalization, policy and regulation.

    1. Setting the Scene

    Matthias Finger, Emin Köksal & Muzaffer Eroğlu

    2. Infrastructure Development

    Hakan Erek

    3. Policies and Legislation: A Historical Overview and Current Perspectives on Digitalization in Türkiye

     Fatma Davarcıoğlu Özaktaş & Şahin Ardıyok

    4. Development of E-commerce

    Zeynep Şengören Özcan & Aslı Ak

    5. Foreign and Turkish Digital Platforms

    Fatih Cemil Özbuğday

    6. ICT Adoption in Türkiye by Industry and Size: A Comparative Assessment with the EU

     Hüseyin Taştan

    7. Digitalization of Society - Türkiye Digital Society Index

    Emin Köksal & Ozan Bakış

    8. The Constitutional Ecosystem of Digital Rights in Türkiye

    Harun Muratoğulları

    9. Regulation of E-government Services

    Beril Taşkin Kapusuzoğlu

    10. Privacy and Data Protection Regulation 

    Çiçek Ersoy

    11. Competition and Antitrust Regulation for Digital Platforms in Türkiye

    Zeynep Ayata 

    12. Regulation of Digital Platforms in Turkish Law: The E-Commerce Law and the Draft Competition Law

    Kerem Cem Sanli & Cihan Doğan

    13. Regulation of FinTech and Crypto Assets 

    Pınar Çağlayan Aksoy

    14-Social Media Regulation

    Mehmet Bedii Kaya & Muhammed Furkan Akıncı



    Muzaffer Eroğlu is assistant professor at the University of Boğaziçi, Faculty of Law; he lectures on Company Law, Corporate Governance, Sustainability, and Competition Law. He holds an LLB from Ankara University, an LLM from the University of Kent, and a Ph.D. from Queen Mary, University of London. He also carried out research as a visiting academic at the University of Oslo, the Max Planck Institutes for Comparative and International Private Law in Hamburg, the European Institute of Florence, and the University of Oxford. His academic research focuses on corporate governance, competition law, and regulation of network industries. He has several publications in the fields of company law, competition law, and network industries, both in English and Turkish.

    Matthias Finger is professor at the Istanbul Technical University (ITÜ) Faculty of Management.  He holds a Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Geneva. He has been an Assistant Professor at Syracuse University (New York), an Associate Professor at Columbia University (New York), a Professor of Management of Public Enterprises at the Swiss Federal Institute of Public Administration, and between 2002 and 2020, the Swiss Post Chair in Management of Network Industries at EPFL. Since 2010, he is a part-time professor at the European University Institute (EUI) in Florence, Italy, where he directs the Florence School of Regulation’s Transport Area (FSR-T). Since 2017, he is also a professor at the Faculty of Management at Istanbul Technical University (ITÜ), directing the Istanbul Center for Regulation (IC4R).

    Emin Köksal is associate professor of economics at Bahçeşehir University. He teaches Managerial Economics at MBA programs and Industrial Organization at the undergraduate program. He also teaches courses such as Platform Economics and Competition Policy in Digital Markets. He publishes extensively on competition and regulatory issues in telecommunications, energy, and platform industries. He has experience in platform business models, network neutrality regulations, and internet usage. He is the associate editor-in-chief of the journal Competition and Regulation in Network Industries. As an economic consultant, he has led economic analyses for antitrust cases and regulatory assessments.