The Emperor and the Army in the Later Roman Empire, AD 235-395: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

The Emperor and the Army in the Later Roman Empire, AD 235-395

1st Edition

By Mark Hebblewhite

Routledge

240 pages

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Description

With The Emperor and the Army in the Later Roman Empire, AD 235–395 Mark Hebblewhite offers the first study solely dedicated to examining the nature of the relationship between the emperor and his army in the politically and militarily volatile later Roman Empire. Bringing together a wide range of available literary, epigraphic and numismatic evidence he demonstrates that emperors of the period considered the army to be the key institution they had to mollify in order to retain power and consequently employed a range of strategies to keep the troops loyal to their cause. Key to these efforts were imperial attempts to project the emperor as a worthy general (imperator) and a generous provider of military pay and benefits. Also important were the honorific and symbolic gestures each emperor made to the army in order to convince them that they and the empire could only prosper under his rule.



Table of Contents

List of Figures

Preface and Acknowledgements

Selected Roman Emperors and Usurpers

Abbreviations



Introduction



Fides, the Army and the Emperor



The Ancient Sources



Modern Perspectives





Chapter 1 – Dawn of the Warrior Emperor



Dynastic Rule Redefined?



A Dynastic Resurgence?



The Emperor as Commilito?





Chapter 2 –Advertising Military Success



Coinage and the Projection of Military Power



Virtus, Victoria and an empire in crisis



Virtus: The courage to lead



Victoria: An emperor’s duty



Emperors Armed for battle



Diocletian to Theodosius the Great: new messages for a new age



Portraits of Power



The Titulature of Military Success



Projecting success in crisis



Tetrarchs and dynasts: the titulature of shared military success





 



Chapter 3 – Praemia Militiae



Praemia Militiae of the Republic and Early Empire



A Severan Mercenary Army?



Praemia Militiae 235-395



Donativa



Regular donativa



Irregular donativa



Ceremony and the donativum



Fides guaranteed?



Stipendium: A Dying Praemium?



The Annona Militaris: Dona



Praemia Veteranorum



The Economics of Praemia Militiae





Chapter 4 - The Emperor, The Law and Disciplina Militaris



Legal Benefits



The later empire



Soldiers and their families



Barbarians in a citizen army



Disciplina Militaris





Chapter 5 – Rituals of Identity



Acclamatio: The First Act of Fidelity?



Acclamatio in the age of the soldier emperors



Ceremonial legitimisation



Adlocutio: Pr

About the Author

Mark Hebblewhite completed his PhD at Macquarie University, Australia, in 2012 and has taught widely in the field of Ancient History. His research interests centre on the ideology and politics of the later Roman Empire, with particular reference to the role of the army. He is currently an Adjunct Associate Lecturer at the University of New South Wales, Australia.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HIS002000
HISTORY / Ancient / General