1st Edition

The Ending of Tribal Wars
Configurations and Processes of Pacification

  • Available for pre-order. Item will ship after March 24, 2021
ISBN 9780367520427
March 24, 2021 Forthcoming by Routledge
296 Pages 9 B/W Illustrations

USD $160.00

Prices & shipping based on shipping country


Book Description

All over the world and throughout millennia, states have attempted to subjugate, control and dominate non-state populations and to end their wars. This book compares such processes of pacification leading to the end of tribal warfare in seven societies from all over the world between the 19th and 21st centuries. It shows that pacification cannot be understood solely as a unilateral imposition of state control but needs to be approached as the result of specific interactions between state actors and non-state local groups. Indigenous groups usually had options in deciding between accepting and resisting state control. State actors often had to make concessions or form alliances with indigenous groups in order to pursue their goals. Incentives given to local groups sometimes played a more important role in ending warfare than repression. In this way, indigenous groups, in interaction with state actors, strongly shaped the character of the process of pacification. This volume’s comparison finds that pacification is more successful and more durable where state actors mainly focus on selective incentives for local groups to renounce warfare, offer protection, and only as a last resort use moderate repression, combined with the quick establishment of effective institutions for peaceful conflict settlement.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

Jürg Helbling and Tobias Schwoerer

2. Pacification as Strategic Interaction of Indigenous Groups and State Actors

Jürg Helbling

3. The Herero and Nama in German South West Africa (1830–1910)

Matthias Häussler

4. The Eastern Highlands of New Guinea (1930–1965)

Tobias Schwoerer

5. The Iban in Sarawak (1840–1920)

Jürg Helbling

6. The Lobi in French West Africa (1897–1940)

Natalie Ammann

7. The Naga in British North-East India (1830–1890)

Ruth Werner

8. The Karimojong in Uganda (1898–2010)

Tobias Schwoerer

9. The Waorani in Ecuador (1940–2000)

Jürg Helbling

10. Conclusion: Comparing Configurations and Processes of Pacification

Jürg Helbling and Tobias Schwoerer

View More



Jürg Helbling is Senior Professor for Economic and Political Anthropology at the Sociology Department of the University of Lucerne.

Tobias Schwoerer is Lecturer at the Department of Social and Cultural Anthropology of the University of Lucerne.