In the face of limited time and escalating impacts, some scientists and politicians are talking about attempting "grand technological interventions" into the Earth’s basic physical and biological systems ("geoengineering") to combat global warming. Early ideas include spraying particles into the stratosphere to block some incoming sunlight, or "enhancing" natural biological systems to withdraw carbon dioxide from the atmosphere at a higher rate. Such technologies are highly speculative and scientific development of them has barely begun.
Nevertheless, it is widely recognized that geoengineering raises critical questions about who will control planetary interventions, and what responsibilities they will have. Central to these questions are issues of justice and political legitimacy. For instance, while some claim that climate risks are so severe that geoengineering must be attempted, others insist that the current global order is so unjust that interventions are highly likely to be illegitimate and exacerbate injustice. Such concerns are rarely discussed in the policy arena in any depth, or with academic rigor. Hence, this book gathers contributions from leading voices and rising stars in political philosophy to respond. It is essential reading for anyone puzzled about how geoengineering might promote or thwart the ends of justice in a dramatically changing world.
The chapters in this book were originally published in the journals: Ethics, Policy & the Environment and Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Geoengineering, Political Legitimacy and Justice
Stephen M. Gardiner, Catriona McKinnon and Augustin Fragnière
1. The Tollgate Principles for the Governance of Geoengineering: Moving Beyond the Oxford Principles to an Ethically More Robust Approach
Stephen M. Gardiner and Augustin Fragniere
2. Climate Change, Climate Engineering, and the "Global Poor": What Does Justice Require?
3. Indigeneity in Geoengineering Discourses: Some Considerations
4. Recognitional Justice, Climate Engineering, and the Care Approach
Christopher Preston and Wylie Carr
5. Institutional Legitimacy and Geoengineering Governance
Daniel Edward Callies
6. Legitimacy and Non-Domination in Solar Radiation Management Research
Patrick Taylor Smith
7. Toward Legitimate Governance of Solar Geoengineering Research: A Role for Sub-State Actors
Sikina Jinnah, Simon Nicholson and Jane Flegal
8. Fighting risk with risk: solar radiation management, regulatory drift, and minimal justice
9. The Panglossian politics of the geoclique
10. Democratic authority to geoengineer
11. A mission-driven research program on solar geoengineering could promote justice and
David R. Morrow
12. Geoengineering the climate and ethical challenges: what we can learn from moral emotions and art
Sabine Roeser, Behnam Taebi and Neelke Doorn
Stephen M. Gardiner is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Washington, Seattle, and is author of A Perfect Moral Storm: the Ethical Challenge of Climate Change and Debating Climate Ethics, as well as many articles on climate justice and the ethics of geoengineering.
Catriona McKinnon is Professor of Political Theory at the University of Exeter, author of Climate Change and Future Justice and numerous articles on climate ethics and justice.
Augustin Fragnière is a trained philosopher and environmental scientist, who has published on climate ethics, geoengineering and sustainability theory.