1st Edition

The European External Action Service and National Foreign Ministries Convergence or Divergence?

Edited By Rosa Balfour, Caterina Carta, Kristi Raik Copyright 2015
    258 Pages
    by Routledge

    258 Pages
    by Routledge

    Based on extensive empirical work by a cross-European group of researchers, this book assesses the impact of the creation of the European External Action Service (EEAS) on the national foreign policy-making processes and institutions of the EU member states. As such, the contributions cover both the involvement of the national diplomatic and foreign policy actors in shaping the outlook of the EEAS and its mission, as well as the changes (or not) it has produced for those actors of the member states. The analysis draws in theoretical frameworks from Europeanization and socialization, but also from intergovernmental frameworks of policy-making within the European Union.

    An introduction by the editors outlines the issues and trends examined in the book and establishes the theoretical and methodological framework. Split into 2 sections, Part I: EEAS and national diplomacies as part of global and European structures has contributions by Richard Whitman, Rosa Balfour, Christian Lequesne, Caterina Carta and Simon Duke. Part II: National diplomacies shaping and being shaped by the EEAS is covered by Daniel Fiott, Fabien Terpan, Cornelius Adebahr, Andrea Frontini, Ignacio Molina and Alicia Sorroza, Laura C. Ferreira-Pereira, Alena Vysotskaya G. Vieira and Louise van Schaik, Grzegorz Gromadzki, Mark Rhinard, Jakob Lewander and Sara Norrevik, Sabina Kajnc Lange, Ruby Gropas and George Tzogopoulos, Vit Beneš and Kristi Raik. This book is much needed, especially in an era when the EU is trying to pull its weight in the international sphere (e.g. Syria, Iran, the Arab Spring, Chinese relations and emerging powers) but also at a time when the EU is trying to recalibrate its institutional structure in light of the current financial predicaments and questions on the democratic legitimacy of the European project.


    Rosa Balfour, Caterina Carta and Kristi Raik

    Part I: The EEAS and National Diplomacies as Part of Global and Eruopean Structures

    1. Europe's Changing Place in the World and Challenes to European Diplomacy

    Richard Whitman

    2. Change and Continuity: A Decade of Evolution of EU Foreign Policy and the Creation of the European External Action Service

    Rosa Balfour

    3. At the Centre of Coordination: Staff, Resources and Procedures in the European External Action Service and in the Delegations

    Christian Lequesne

    4. Inside the European External Action Service's Institutional Sinews: An Institutional and Organizational Analysis

    Caterina Carta and Simon Duke

    Part II: National Diplomacies Shaping and Being Shaped by the EEAS

    5. 'Our Man in Brussels'. The UK and the EEAS: Ambivalence and Influence

    Daniel Fiott

    6. France: Between National Grandeur and the European Commitment

    Fabien Terpan

    7. Germany: The Instinctive Integrationist Occassionally Going Intergovernmental

    Cornelius Adebahr

    8. Spain and Italy: The 'Europeanization' Strategies of Two Middle Powers

    Andrea Frontini, Salvador Llaudes, Ignacio Molina and Alicia Sorroza

    9. Portugal and the Netherlands: Punching Above Their Weight?

    Laura C. Ferreira-Pereira, Alena Vysotskaya G. Vieira and Louise van Schaik

    10. Cases of Cautious Optimism: Sweden, Poland and the EEAS

    Grzegorz Gromadzki, Jakob Lewander, Sara Norrevik and Mark Rhinard

    11. Greece and Slovenia: National Diplomacies with Limited Means

    Ruby Gropas, Sabina Kajnč Lange and George Tzogopoulos

    12. The Czech Republic, Estonia and Finland: European Vocation Re-Confirmed?

    Vit Beneš and Kristi Raik

    Conclusions: Adaptation to the EU or to the Changing Global Context?

    Rosa Balfour, Caterina Carta and Kristi Raik


    Rosa Balfour is Head of the Europe in the World Programme at the European Policy Centre (EPC) in Brussels. Prior to joining the EPC in 2007, she was a Senior Research Fellow at the Centre for Studies in International Politics (CeSPI) in Rome. She holds an MA in History from Cambridge University, and an MSc in European Studies and a PhD in International Relations, both from the London School of Economics and Political Science.

    Caterina Carta, is lecturer at Vesalius College and associate researcher at the Institute of European Studies (IES) at the ULB. She holds a PhD in Comparative and European Politics from the University of Siena.

    Kristi Raik is Senior Research Fellow at the Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA) and Adjunct Professor at the University of Turku. Prior to joining FIIA in 2011, she served inter alia as an official at the Directorate-General for External and Politico-Military Affairs in the General Secretariat of the Council of the European Union and as a Visiting Fellow at the Centre for European Policy Studies. She holds both a Masters and a PhD in Social Sciences from the University of Turku.

    "This is a wide-ranging and stimulating review of the European External Action Service and of the impact it is having on the national diplomacies of EU Member States. A robust framework based on ideas of Europeanisation and adaptation and a series of sharply focused essays by experts make this essential reading for researchers and teachers in this area."

    Michael Smith, Loughborough University, UK

    "Provides us with a fine-grained family picture of European diplomacy at a crucial moment in time when the EEAS and national diplomatic networks are aiming for a new balance after rocky early beginnings. An excellent source of important information for anybody interested in European foreign policy."

    Federica Bicchi, London School of Economics, UK

    "The EEAS and National Foreign Ministries is an important contribution to an under-studied topic. The methodology applied in order to look at the positions of the Member States (semi-structured elite interviews and process-tracing) permits to develop a compelling argument and confirms the expectations of European experts. ... a complete work and very accessible despite the complexity of foreign-policy making in the EU."