The European Handbook of Media Accountability  book cover
1st Edition

The European Handbook of Media Accountability

ISBN 9781472457660
Published November 7, 2017 by Routledge
358 Pages 4 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

In recent years, the Leveson Inquiry in Great Britain, as well as the EU High-Level Group on Media Freedom and Pluralism, have stirred heated debates about media accountability and media self-regulation across Europe. How responsible are journalists? How well-developed are infrastructures of media self-regulation in the different European countries? How much commitment to media accountability is there in the media industry – and how actively do media users become involved in the process of media criticism via social media?

With contributions from leading scholars in the field of journalism and mass communication, this handbook brings together reports on the status quo of media accountability in all EU members states as well as key countries close to Europe, such as Turkey and Israel. Each chapter provides an up-to-date overview of media accountability structures as well as a synopsis of relevant research, exploring the role of media accountability instruments in each national setting, including both media self-regulation (such as codes of ethics, press councils, ombudspersons) and new instruments that involve audiences and stakeholder groups (such as media blogs and user comment systems).

A theoretically informed, cross-national comparative analysis of the state of media accountability in contemporary Europe, this handbook constitutes an invaluable basis for further research and policy-making and will appeal to students and scholars of media studies and journalism, as well as policy-makers and practitioners.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors

List of Figures and Tables

Chapter 1. Introduction

Tobias Eberwein, Susanne Fengler & Matthias Karmasin

Chapter 2. Austria: Back on the Democratic Corporatist Road?

Matthias Karmasin, Klaus Bichler & Andy Kaltenbrunner

Chapter 3. Belgium: Divided Along Language Lines

Karin Raeymaeckers & François Heinderyckx

Chapter 4. Bulgaria: Regaining Media Freedom

Bissera Zankova & Michał Głowacki

Chapter 5. Croatia: Unfulfilled Expectations

Stjepan Malović

Chapter 6. Cyprus: Behind Closed (Journalistic) Doors

Dimitra L. Milioni, Lia-Paschalia Spyridou & Michalis Koumis

Chapter 7. Czech Republic: The Market Governs

Tomáš Trampota

Chapter 8. Denmark: Voluntary Accountability Driven by Political Pressure

Mark Blach-Ørsten, Jannie Møller Hartley & Sofie Flensburg

Chapter 9. Estonia: Conflicting Views on Accountability Practices

Urmas Loit, Epp Lauk & Halliki Harro-Loit

Chapter 10. Finland: The Empire Renewing Itself

Jari Väliverronen & Heikki Heikkilä

Chapter 11. France: Media Accountability as an Abstract Idea?

Olivier Baisnée, Ludivine Balland & Sandra Vera Zambrano

Chapter 12. Germany: Disregarded Diversity

Tobias Eberwein, Susanne Fengler, Mariella Bastian & Janis Brinkmann

Chapter 13. Greece: Between Systemic Inefficiencies and Nascent Opportunities Online

Evangelia Psychogiopoulou & Anna Kandyla

Chapter 14. Hungary: Difficult Legacy, Slow Transformation

Agnes Urban

Chapter 15. Ireland: Moving from Courts to Institutions of Accountability

Roderick Flynn

Chapter 16. Israel: Media in Political Handcuffs

Noam Lemelshtrich Latar

Chapter 17. Italy: Transparency as an Inspiration

Sergio Splendore

Chapter 18. Latvia: Different Journalistic Cultures and Different Accountability Within One Media System

Ainars Dimants

Chapter 19. Lithuania: The Ideology of Liberalism and Its Flaws in the Democratic Performance of the Media

Kristina Juraitė, Auksė Balčytienė & Audronė Nugaraitė

Chapter 20. Luxembourg: Low Priority in a Confined Milieu

Mario Hirsch

Chapter 21. Malta: Media Accountability as a Two-legged ‘Tripod’

Joseph Borg & Mary Anne Lauri

Chapter 22. The Netherlands: From Awareness to Realization

Harmen Groenhart & Huub Evers

Chapter 23. Norway: Journalistic Power Limits Media Accountability

Paul Bjerke

Chapter 24. Poland: Accountability in the Making

Bogusława Dobek-Ostrowska, Michał Głowacki & Michał Kuś

Chapter 25. Portugal: Many Structures, Little Accountability

Nuno Moutinho, Helena Lima, Suzana Cavaco & Ana Isabel Reis

Chapter 26. Romania: Unexpected Pressures for Accountability

Mihai Coman, Daniela-Aurelia Popa & Raluca-Nicoleta Radu

Chapter 27. Russia: Media Accountability to the Public or the State?

Elena Vartanova & Maria Lukina

Chapter 28. Slovakia: Conditional Success of Ethical Regulation via Online Instruments

Andrej Školkay

Chapter 29. Slovenia: The Paper Tiger of Media Accountability

Igor Vobič, Aleksander Sašo Slaček Brlek & Boris Mance

Chapter 30. Spain: New Formats and Old Crises

Salvador Alsius, Ruth Rodriguez-Martinez & Marcel Mauri de los Rios

Chapter 31. Sweden: A Long History of Media Accountability Adaption

Torbjörn von Krogh

Chapter 32. Switzerland: Role Model with Glitches

Colin Porlezza

Chapter 33. Turkey: Sacrificing Credibility for Economic Expediency and Partisanship

Ceren Sözeri

Chapter 34. United Kingdom: Post-Leveson, Media Accountability is All Over the Place

Mike Jempson, Wayne Powell & Sally Reardon

Chapter 35. Summary: Measuring Media Accountability in Europe – and Beyond

Tobias Eberwein, Susanne Fengler, Katja Kaufmann, Janis Brinkmann & Matthias Karmasin



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Tobias Eberwein is Senior Scientist at the Institute for Comparative Media and Communication Studies of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, and the Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt, Austria.

Susanne Fengler is Professor of International Journalism and Director of the Erich Brost Institute for International Journalism at TU Dortmund University, Germany.

Matthias Karmasin is Professor at the Department of Media and Communications, Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt, and Director of the Institute for Comparative Media and Communication Studies at the Austrian Academy of Sciences and the Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt, Austria.