This edited volume brings together some of the most important scholarly perspectives – in the form of both journal article reprints and original contributions – on the structure and dynamics of the EU’s multi-layered relations with its Eastern neighbours within the Eastern Partnership (EaP) framework and beyond.
In May 2019, the EU’s EaP – an ambitious and sophisticated policy framework, conjoining elements of cooperation and integration, with the EU’s six eastern neighbours, i.e. Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan – turned ten years. This anniversary, in conjunction with repeatedly voiced critique by scholars and policy-makers alike regarding the framework’s effectiveness and utility, led the EU to submit the EaP to a fundamental auditing and revision.
Structured around both enduring and emerging issues in the broader EU-Eastern neighbourhood framework, this book provides a retrospective analysis of key structural and relational challenges, unfolding regional dynamics, distinctive forms of bilateral/multilateral engagement, whilst also offering a critical perspective on the contested future relations between the EU and its Eastern neighbours. Looking backwards and providing a critical and thorough assessment of the first ten years of the EaP in practice, this book thinks forward and gauges its many potential future avenues. This comes at a crucial moment, as the EU and its six Eastern neighbours are in search of new and mutually acceptable forms of association.
Introduction: The European Union, its Eastern Neighbourhood and an Evolving Structured Engagement within and beyond the Eastern Partnership Framework
Part I: The EU’s Eastern Partnership and Regional Dynamics: Enduring Issues and Contending Perspectives
1. The European Union’s ‘Ideal Self’ in the Post-Soviet Space
2. Between the Eastern Partnership and Eurasian Integration: Explaining Post-Soviet Countries’ Engagement in (Competing) Region-Building Projects
3. "The transformative power of Europe" beyond enlargement: the EU’s performance in promoting democracy in its neighbourhood
Tanja A. Börzel and Bidzina Lebanidze
4. The Geopoliticisation of the EU’s Eastern Partnership
5. The Unintended Consequences of a European Neighbourhood Policy without Russia
6. Bringing "the political" back into European security: challenges to the EU’s ordering of the Eastern Partnership
Part II:The EU’s Bilateral Engagement with Eastern Neighbours: A Growing Menu of Choice
7. State building and European integration in Ukraine
8. When Goliath meets Goliath: how Russia and the EU created a vicious circle of instability in Moldova
9. The Politics of Flexibility: Exploring the Contested Statehood–EU Actorness Nexus in Georgia
Madalina Dobrescu and Tobias Schumacher
10. Armenia and Belarus: caught between the EU’s and Russia’s conditionalities?
Alena Vieira and Syuzanna Vasilyan
11. The European Union and Belarus: democracy promotion by technocratic means?
Elena A. Korosteleva
12. From ‘Unilateral’ to ‘Dialogical’: Determinants of EU–Azerbaijan Negotiations
Eske van Gils
Part III: Looking Backward: The EU, the Eastern Neighbours and the ‘Eastern Partnership’ a Decade Past
13. Looking Backward: Deliverables and Drawbacks of the Eastern Partnership during 2009-2020
Andriy Tyushka and Tobias Schumacher
Conclusion: The EU and its Eastern Neighbourhood – whither ‘Eastern Partnership’?
Annex 1. Content Analysing the Joint Declarations of the Eastern Partnership Summits in 2009-2017
Annex 2. Studying EU-Eastern Neighbours Relations Within and Beyond the Eastern Partnership in 2009-2020: A Bibliometric Perspective