This book critically analyzes the European Union’s role in Security Sector Reform (SSR), a topical issue with regards to European security. While the literature on SSR has increased significantly in the past decade, too little remain in the way of comparative analyses of SSR case studies that are geared toward theory development. This collection strives to push the SSR literature in that direction. One key question it focuses on is whether the EU pursues a holistic approach vis-à-vis SSR. Another question the book addresses is why and how the EU activities towards SSR in conflict management, peacebuilding and statebuilding have produced a wide variety of outcomes that range from the failure to reform any or all of the sub-set of security sectors (police, justice, military, etc.) to complete and integrated reform.
The volume encompasses all relevant cases of SSR in terms of the financial, human, and political resources involved at the EU level. Cases are drawn from the Balkans (Kosovo; Bosnia-Herzegovina), Africa (Democratic Republic of Congo), the Middle East (Palestinian Territories), Post-Soviet Space (Georgia), and Asia (Aceh, Indonesia). The end product is a welcome contribution to the literature, providing both an empirically and theoretically grounded approach to the study of SSR.
This book was originally published as a special issue of European Security.
Table of Contents
Foreword Clare Short 1. The European Union and Security Sector Reform: current practices and challenges of implementation Oya Dursun-Ozkanca and Antoine Vandemoortele 2. Between knowledge and power: epistemic communities and the emergence of security sector reform in the EU security architecture Giovanni Faleg 3. From speeches to actions: EU involvement in the war in afghanistan through the EUPOL Afghanistan Mission Maxime H.A. Larivé 4. Adaptation, resistance and a (Re)turn to functionalism: the case of the Bosnian police restructuring process (2003-2008) Antoine Vandemoortele 5. The implementation of the EU security sector reform policies in the Democratic Republic of Congo? Arnout Justaert 6. Security sector reform in Kosovo: the complex division of labor between the EU and other multilateral institutions in building Kosovo’s police force Oya Dursun-Ozkanca and Katy Crossley-Frolick 7. The European Union’s role in the Palestinian Territories: state-building through Security Sector Reform? Dimitris Bouris 8. Security Sector Reform and Georgia: the European Union’s challenge in the Southern Caucasus Greg Simons 9. Which and whose authority? EU support to security governance in Aceh Simone Tholens
Oya Dursun-Ozkanca (Ph.D., University of Texas at Austin, USA) is an Associate Professor of Political Science at Elizabethtown College, PA, USA. She serves as a Visiting Fellow at Research on South Eastern Europe at London School of Economics, UK. Her research interests include transatlantic security, Security Sector Reform, peacebuilding, and Turkish foreign policy.