This book traces the evolution of the EU’s fight against terrorism from the late 1970s until the end of the first decade after 9/11.
This historical analysis covers both EU-internal and international counterterrorism policies and features an in-depth account of the EU’s reaction to the terrorist incidents in New York, Madrid and London. In the first few weeks after these incidents, the EU mobilised a complex but also incoherent set of policy measures, which significantly influenced the course of European security over the years.
From a theoretical perspective, this volume argues that context-specific factors dominated over functionalist considerations in the EU’s fight against terrorism. Building on frameworks from public policy analysis, the author demonstrates that EU institutions played a critical role as policy entrepreneurs, while the many security measures were chosen on the basis of timing rather than significance. Such short-term political dynamics also explain the implementation deficits and persistent imbalances in the EU’s counterterrorism policy; limitations which still hinder its fight against international terrorism.
This book will be of much interest to students of EU policy, counter-terrorism, European security, public administration, foreign policy, and IR in general.
1. The EU’s Response to International Terrorism 2. Dynamics of EU Security and Counterterrorism Cooperation 3. European Counterterrorism Cooperation before 9/11 4. The EU’s Reaction to 9/11 5. The Return to Normality in EU Security Policy 6. Responding to the Attack of Madrid 7. The Limited Effect of the London Bombings 8. Towards a Mature EU Counterterrorism Policy? 9. The Evolution of EU Counterterrorism Policy