For the ultrasound practitioner it is now more important than ever to have a rigorous understanding of fetal anatomy and development. This resource publishes a selection of very high-quality ultrasound images of the fetus alongside embryological preparations and fetoscopy images. This unique comparative technique will be an essential educational tool and work of reference for all involved in fetal ultrasound, including specialists in maternal-fetal medicine, ultrasound physicians, ultrasonography technicians, and midwives.
"It is truly an international endeavour to define the world of 3D and 4D sonography in obstetrics and gynaecology. The authors of this book and its contributors have been leaders in this field … It is a well-written text book, easy to read with appropriate illustrations … This is a very useful, comprehensive text book on the clinical relevance of three dimensional and four dimensional sonography in obstetrics. It is of great value to all sonologists who care for obstetric patients." – Australian Institute of Ultrasound
1. 3D and 4D sonography: How to use it properly – technical advice. 2. 3D sonoembryology and fetal anatomy. 3. Early pregnancy failure. 4. Ultrasound imaging of early extraembryonic structures. 5. Normal and abnormal early human structural development. 6. Markers of chromosomal anomalies studied by 3D sonography. 7. Assessment of fetal movements in the 1st trimester. 8. Maternal, placental, and fetal circulation: What does 3D power Doppler add? 9. 3D power Doppler in the diagnosis and assessment of gestational trophoblastic disease. 10. 3D and 4D sonographic evaluation of the fetal heart. 11. 3D sonography in the study of the fetal face. 12. CNS: Normal anatomy and malformations. 13. Fetal thorax by 3D sonography. 14. Gastrointestinal tract and internal abdominal wall. 15. The fetus with an abdominal wall defect. 16. Urologic tract diseases: 2D versus 3D sonography and biochemical markers. 17. Skeletal anomalies. 18. Fetal tumors. 19. IUGR fetus studied by 3D and 4D sonography. 20. Volumetric fetal organ measurements by 3D sonography. 21. Recent advances in neurophysiology. 22. Normal standards for fetal neurobehavioral developments. 23. Fetal yawning, hearing, and learning. 24. Assessment of multifetal pregnancies by 3D/4D sonography. 25. General movements during prenatal and early postnatal life. 26. The use of 3D and 4D sonography in the neonatal period. 27. Is 3D and 4D sonography safe for the fetus?