Offering diverse perspectives on Hawaiʻi’s food system, this book addresses themes of place and identity across time. From early Western contact to the present day, the way in which people in Hawaiʻi grow, import, and consume their food has shifted in response to the pressures of colonialism, migration, new technologies, and globalization. Because of Hawaiʻi’s history of agricultural abundance, its geographic isolation in the Pacific Ocean, and its heavy reliance on imported foods today, it offers a rich case study for understanding how food systems develop in-place. In so doing, the contributors implicitly and explicitly complicate the narrative of the "local," which has until recently dominated much of the existing scholarship on Hawaiʻi’s foodways. With topics spanning GMO activism, agricultural land use trends, customary access and fishing rights, poi production, and the dairy industry, this volume reveals how "local food" is emplaced through dynamic and complex articulations of history, politics, and economic change. This book was originally published as a special issue of Food, Culture, and Society.
Table of Contents
Introduction: ‘Local’: Contextualizing Hawai‘i’s Foodways
Hi‘ilei Julia Hobart
1. Homegrown Cuisines or Naturalized Cuisines? The History of Food in Hawaii and Hawaii’s Place in Food History
2. Snowy Mountaineers and Soda Waters: Honolulu and Its Age of Ice Importation
Hi‘ilei Julia Hobart
3. Dairy’s Decline and the Politics of "Local" Milk in Hawai‘i
4. Customary Access: Sustaining Local Control of Fishing and Food on Kaua‘i’s North Shore
Mehana Blaich Vaughan and Adam L. Ayers
5. Cultural Traditions and Food: Kanaka Maoli and the Production of Poi in the He‘e’ia Wetland
Hōkūlani K. Aikau and Donna Ann Kamehaʻikū Camvel
6. Farmer Typology in South Kona, Hawai‘i: Who’s Farming, How, and Why?
Noa Kekuewa Lincoln and Nicole Ardoin
7. From the Sugar Oligarchy to the Agrochemical Oligopoly: Situating Monsanto and Gang’s Occupation of Hawai‘i
Hi’ilei Julia Hobart is a Postdoctoral Fellow in Native American and Indigenous Studies at Northwestern University, USA. Her work looks at the points of intersection between foodscapes and indigeneity. She is especially interested in the history of commodity ice and refrigeration in the Pacific, the development of new technology in the nineteenth century, the affective registers of comfort and home-making, and indigenous embodiment and environmental knowledge.