Using fractal analysis, irreversible aggregation models, synergetics, and percolation theory, this book describes the main reactions of high-molecular substances. It is the first to give the structural and physical grounds of polymers synthesis and curing based on fractal analysis. It provides a single equation for describing the relationship between the reaction rate constants and the equilibrium constants with the nature of the medium.
Table of Contents
The Solvent Nature Influence on Structure and Formation Mechanism of Polycondensation Polymers
The Limiting Characteristics of Polycondensation Process
The Description of Polycondensation Kinetics Within the Frame-works of Irreversible Aggregation Models
The Influence of Reactive Mass Stirring on Main Parameters of Inter-facial Polycondensation
The Interconnection of Macromolecular Coil in Solution and Polymer Condensed State Structures
Physical Sence of Reactive Medium Heterogeneity for Polymer Solutions
The Properties of Cation Polyelectrolites Solutions
The Fractal Kinetics of Radical Polymerization
The Limiting Characteristics of Radical Polymerization
The Gelation in Radical Polymerization Process
The Molecular Weight Distribution Analysis
The Branched Polymers Synthesis
A Macromolecular Coil Structure Influence on Synthesis Processes
The Theoretical Analysis of Molecular Weight Change in Synthesis Process
The Branching Degree and Macromolecular Coil Structure
The Curing of Cross-Linked Polymers
The Fractal Reactions Two Types at Cross-Linked Polymers Curing
The Scaling Relationships for Curing Reactions of Epoxy Polymers
Microgel Formation in the Curing Process of Epoxy Polymers
Synergetics of the Curing Process of Epoxy Polymers
The Nanodimensional Effect in the Curing Process of Epoxy Poly-mers into Fractal Space
The Fractal Analysis and Synergetics of Catalytic Systems
The Fractal Models of Catalysis Process
The Synergetics of Catalysis by Metal Oxides
The Features of Kinetics of Model Transesterification Reaction Catalyzed By Metal Oxides
Appendix. The Structural Model of Polycondensation Reaction in Melt
G. V. Kozlov, DSc, is a Senior Scientist at UNIID of Kabardino-Balkarian State University in Nal’chik, Russian Federation during 1981–1994 and from 1997 until now. His scientific interests include the structural grounds of properties of polymeric materials of all classes and states: physics of polymers, polymer solutions and melts, and composites and nanocomposites. He proposed to consider polymers as natural nanocomposites. He is the author of more than 1500 scientific publications, including 30 books, published in the Russian Federation, Ukraine, Great Britain, German Federal Republic, Holland, and USA.
A. K. Mikitaev, DSc, is Professor and Head of the Chair of organic chemistry and high-molecular compounds at Kabardino-Balkarian State University in Nal’chik, Russiaduring 1971–1990 and from 2004 until now. He set up the Scientific-Educational Center "Polymer and Composites" in 2008. He developed and worked in industry on the production technology of poly(butylenes terephtalate) and nanocomposite materials and its basis, including nanocomposite thermoelastoplastics. His scientific interest in synthesis of polymers includes the developing strategies for manufacture of polymers of different classes. Synthesis, characterization and performance are all integral parts of these research fields. He is the author of more than 1000 scientific works, including 14 books, and has received 160 author’s certificates and patents.
Gennady E. Zaikov, DSc, is Head of the Polymer Division at the N. M. Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, and professor at Moscow State Academy of Fine Chemical Technology, Russia, as well as professor at Kazan National Research Technological University, Kazan, Russia. He is also a prolific author, researcher, and lecturer. He has received several awards for his work, including the the Russian Federation Scholarship for Outstanding Scientists. He has been a member of many professional organizations and on the editorial boards of many international science journals.