The Fukushima Effect
A New Geopolitical Terrain
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The Fukushima Effect offers a range of scholarly perspectives on the international effect of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear meltdown four years out from the disaster. Grounded in the field of science, technology and society (STS) studies, a leading cast of international scholars from the Asia-Pacific, Europe, and the United States examine the extent and scope of the Fukushima effect. The authors each focus on one country or group of countries, and pay particular attention to national histories, debates and policy responses on nuclear power development covering such topics as safety of nuclear energy, radiation risk, nuclear waste management, development of nuclear energy, anti-nuclear protest movements, nuclear power representations, and media representations of the effect. The countries featured include well established ‘nuclear nations’, emergent nuclear nations and non-nuclear nations to offer a range of contrasting perspectives.
This volume will add significantly to the ongoing international debate on the Fukushima disaster and will interest academics, policy-makers, energy pundits, public interest organizations, citizens and students engaged variously with the Fukushima disaster itself, disaster management, political science, environmental/energy policy and risk, public health, sociology, public participation, civil society activism, new media, sustainability, and technology governance.
Table of Contents
Foreword Christopher Rootes 1. The Fukushima Effect: Traversing a New Geopolitical Terrain Richard Hindmarsh and Rebecca Priestley 2. The Fukushima Effect in Japan: Reflections on Political Leadership and Local Governance Akira Nakamura and Wataru Nishimura 3. Taiwan’s Civil Society in Action: Anti-nuclear Movement Pre- and Post-Fukushima Dung-sheng Chen 4. The Korean Case of Nuclear Energy Policy Pre- and Post-Fukushima Hyomin Kim 5. China’s Civil Nuclear Power Development: Shifts from Government to Risk Governance? Xiang Fang 6. The Fukushima Effect on India’s Science, Technology (Nuclear Energy) and Environmental Governance Anupam Jha 7. Nuclear Exceptionalism in the Former Soviet Union after Chernobyl and Fukushima Andrei Stsiapanau 8. Socio-technical Imaginations of Nuclear Waste Disposal in the UK and Finland Susan Molyneux-Hodgson and Marika Hietala 9. Germany’s Energiewende After Fukushima: Nuclear Politics at the Forefront of Change Detlef Jahn and Sebastian Stephan 10. Swiss Risk Governance of Nuclear Energy after Fukushima, and Citizen Perspectives Fabienne Crettaz von Roten 11. France, the Nuclear Revival and the Post Fukushima Landscape Joseph Szarka 12. A Question of Confidence: Nuclear Waste and Public Trust in the United States after Fukushima William J. Kinsella 13. The Fukushima Effect in New Zealand: Responses to Nuclear Disasters in a "Nuclear-free" Country Rebecca Priestley 14. The Effect of the Fukushima Effect: From Strong to Weak Richard Hindmarsh and Rebecca Priestley
Richard Hindmarsh is Associate Professor in Griffith University’s School of Environment, and Centre for Governance and Public Policy where his research lies in environmental politics and policy, and science, technology and society. He holds a PhD in STS from Griffith University (Australia) and his previous book on this topic is Nuclear Disaster at Fukushima Daiichi: Social, Political and Environmental Issues (Routledge 2013).
Rebecca Priestley is Senior Lecturer in the Science and Society group at Victoria University of Wellington (New Zealand) where her research covers science communication and history of science. She holds a PhD in HPS from the University of Canterbury and her most recent book was Mad on Radium: New Zealand in the Atomic Age (Auckland University Press 2012).
'This excellent edited volume on the consequences of the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant meltdowns in Japan comes exactly at the right time: when people are being exposed to tremendous misinformation on the subject and when decision makers seek to weigh the lessons learned from the ongoing disaster. Based in the field of science, technology and society, this explicitly comparative book provides insights into how and to what extent a natural-technological disaster has had an impact around the world on energy source development and management. Observers wondering why some countries moved away from nuclear power following the disasters while others kept their atomic energy programs will find this critical reading.'—Daniel P. Aldrich, author of Site Fights and Building Resilience
'Within the work’s 14 chapters, the editors Hindmarsh (Griffith Univ., Australia) and Priestley (Victoria Univ. of Wellington, New Zealand) have assembled a vast variety of contributions from authors whose expertise ranges across the social sciences, science, and technology. The individual chapters cover the effects of the Fukushima disaster on countries including Japan, Taiwan, Korea, China, India, Russia, Finland, Germany, Switzerland, France, the United States, and New Zealand. The editors maintain that the Fukushima disaster caused some countries to completely phase out nuclear power and other countries to not embrace nuclear power at all. The contributions within this book mainly treat the effects of Fukushima on nuclear power development, management, and policy; however, there is wide variation in the treatment of the diverse responses by nations. This book will be of interest to individuals involved in public policy, energy policy, risk planning, and public opinion, as related to the Fukushima disaster. Summing Up: Recommended. Researchers and faculty; professionals.' - A. M. Strauss, Vanderbilt University, CHOICE