1st Edition

The Fundamentals of Lebanese Grammar

By Richard A. Kline Copyright 2023
    212 Pages 2 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    212 Pages 2 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The Fundamentals of Lebanese Grammar provides a comprehensive guide to the grammar of the spoken language of Lebanon.

    It presents the fundamentals and complexities of the Lebanese variety of Arabic in a practical and organized way. This guide also utilizes side-by-side transliterations in both the Arabic script and the Latin alphabet in the way that they are used by native speakers. The explanations of the grammar concepts are presented in English and are made to be easily understandable for everyone, regardless of prior linguistic knowledge. Special features of this text include endnotes on culture, expressions, and an entire chapter dedicated to regional varieties of Lebanese.

    This book is an essential tool for all learners of the Lebanese variety of Arabic, and it is a useful resource for every stage of the language learning process, from beginner to advanced.



    1. Introduction
    2. Writing System
    3. Adjectives
    4. Nouns
    5. Sentence Structure
    6. Adverbs
    7. Pronouns
    8. Prepositions
    9. The Genitive Construct
    10. Ken and its Sisters
    11. The Verb System
    12. Simple Past Tense
    13. Present Indicative Tense
    14. Future Tense
    15. Modal and Auxiliary Verbs
    16. Continuous Tense
    17. Active Participles
    18. Perfect Tenses
    19. Passive Participles and Passive Voice
    20. Gerunds
    21. Conditionals
    22. Imperfect Tense and Subjunctive Voice
    23. Imperative Voice
    24. Quantifiers
    25. Numbers
    26. Accusative of Circumstance
    27. Exclusion and Exception
    28. Exclamation
    29. Conjunctions
    30. Vocatives and Discourse Markers
    31. Diminutive
    32. Regional Variation



    Richard A. Kline was born and raised in California. Growing up, he was fascinated by language, and spent much of his time learning different languages while attending the University of California, Berkeley and the American University of Beirut.