336 pages | 159 B/W Illus.
The book reveals the changing dynamics of the helium industry on both the supply-side and the demand-side. The helium industry has a long-term future and this important gas will have a role to play for many decades to come. Major new users of helium are expected to enter the market, especially in nuclear energy (both fission and fusion). Prices and volumes supplied and expected to rise and this will prompt greater efforts towards the development of new helium sources and helium conservation and recycling.
1. Introduction Richard H. Clarke, William J. Nuttall and Bartek A. Glowacki 2. A history of the helium industry Bo Sears 3. The US federal helium reserve Joseph B. Peterson 4. Helium in Algeria: pioneering helium extraction from LNG Benjamin Reinoehi 5. LNG: the global liquefied natural gas industry Andrew Flower 6. Helium in Russia Benjamin Hooker 7. India: haressing helium from the Earth's interior Nisith K. Das, Rakesh K. Bhandari and Shri C. Mallik 8. Helium from the air: the backstop Richard H. Clarke and Roger Clark 9. Helium demand: application, prices and substitution Zhiming Cai, Richard H. Clarke and William J. Nuttall 10. The dynamics of the helium market William J. Nuttall, Zhiming Cai, Bartek A. Glowacki, Nikolaos Kazantzis and Richard H. Clarke 11. Closed-cycle refrigeration: minimizing helium demand in cryogenic applications Thomas W. Bradshaw and Trevor Miller 12. Medical imaging: why helium prevails Adrian Thomas 13. Rising to the challenges of constrained helium supply in cryogenic systems for the research market John W. Burgoyne and Michael N. Cuthbert 14. Helium and nuclear fission energy Richard Stainsby 15. Helium and fusion energy Richard H. Clarke and Zhiming Cai 16. Substituting hydrogen for helium in cryogenic applications Bartek A. Glowacki 17. Is there a helium problem? Ways forward Ralph Scurlock and Art Francis 18. The future of helium: policy, molecules and machines William J. Nuttall, Richard H. Clarke and Bartek A. Glowacki
Routledge Explorations in Environmental Economics was established in 2001 and has since provided a key port of call for leading research in the field. As well as the core discipline of environmental economics, the remit of the series extends to natural resources, ecological economics, environmental studies and environmental science, with issues explored including energy, permit trading, valuation, taxation and climate change. The series is edited by Nick Hanley of the University of St Andrews.