The Future of Journalism: Developments and Debates analyses the radical shifts in journalism which are changing every aspect of the gathering, reporting and reception of news. The drivers of these changes include the rapid innovations in communication technologies, the competitive and fragmenting markets for audiences and advertising revenues, and the collapse of traditional business models for financing media organisations, as well as changing audience requirements for news, the ways in which it is presented and the expansive number of (increasingly mobile) devices on which it is produced and consumed. Each of these trends has significant implications for journalists - for their jobs, workplaces, products and perceptions of their professional roles, ethical judgements and day-to-day practice. They also pose significant challenges for the future funding of a sustainable, critical and high ‘quality’ democratic journalism.
The Future of Journalism: Developments and Debates comprises the research-based responses of distinguished academic specialists and professional journalists to the challenging issues involved in assessing the future of journalism. It is essential reading for everyone interested in the changing role of journalism in the economic, democratic and cultural life of communities locally, nationally and globally.
This book was originally published as two special issues of Journalism Studies and Journalism Practice.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: The Future of Journalism – Developments and Debates Part I: The Future of Journalism: News, Democracy and ‘infotainment’ 2. Farewell to Journalism? Time for a Rethinking 3. Journalism To Go: The changing spaces of news consumption 4. The effect of soft news on public attachment to the news: Is ‘infotainment’ good for democracy? 5. Determinants of news content: Comparing journalists’ perceptions of the normative and actual impact of different event properties when deciding what’s news Part II: Funding the Future of Journalism 6. Why Old Media Will be Funding Journalism in the Future 7. Aggregation, Content Farms and Huffinization: The rise of low-pay and no-pay journalism 8. The 4C’s of Mobile News: Channels, Conversation, Content and Commerce 9. Crowdfunding and Non-Profit Media: The emergence of new models for public interest journalism 10. The Strategic Repertoire of Publishers in the Media Crisis: The "Five C" Scheme in Germany 11. Converging Journalism: Producing and publishing news for multi-platform conglomerates in Canada 12. Who Pays for Good Journalism? Accountability journalism and media ownership in the Central and Eastern European countries Part III: Digital Media and a Changing Journalism Practice 13. The Algorithms behind the Headlines: How machine-written news redefines the core skills of human journalists 14. Tweets and Truth: Journalism as a discipline of collaborative verification 15. Sociability, Speed and Quality in the Changing news Environment 16. Twitter Links between Politicians and Journalists 17. Share, Like, Recommend: Decoding the Social Media News Consumer 18. The Future of Personalisation at News Websites: Lessons from a longitudinal study 19. The form of online news in the mainstream U.S. press, 2001–2010 20. Researching News Discussion on Twitter: New methodologies 21. The Journalistic Hyperlink: Prescriptive discourses about linking in online news 22. Breaking News Online: How news stories are updated and maintained around-the-clock 23. The Re-birth of the 'Beat': A hyperlocal newsgathering model 24. The Printed Rise of the Common Man: How Web 2.0 has changed the representation of ordinary people in newspapers Part IV: Journalism: Changing Professional Roles, Perceptions and Identities 25. Freelance Journalists as a Flexible Workforce in Media Industries 26. "We Used to be Queens and Now We Are Slaves": Working conditions and professional and Career strategies in the Journalistic Field 27. Russian and Swedish Journalists: Professional roles, ideals and daily reality 28. Three Generations of Polish Journalists: Professional roles and identities Part V: Changing Global Journalism 29. Foreign Reporting in the Sphere of Network Journalism 30. Which Future for Foreign Correspondence? London foreign correspondents in the age of global media 31. WikiLeaks: Ethical minefield or a democratic revolution in journalism? A case study of the impact of Afghanistan coverage in the Norwegian daily, Aftenposten 32. The Newsroom of the Future: Newsroom convergence models in China 33. The Convergence Process in Public Audiovisual Groups: The case of Basque public radio television (EITB)
Bob Franklin is Professor of Journalism Studies at the Cardiff School of Journalism, Media and Cultural Studies, UK, where he is Director of the Journalism Studies Research Group. He is Editor of the peer reviewed journals Journalism Studies, Journalism Practice and Digital Journalism. Recent publications include Journalism, Sources and Credibility: New Perspectives (2011, with Matt Carlson), Journalism Education, Training and Employment (2011, with Donica Mensing), The Future of Newspapers (2009) and Pulling Newspapers Apart: Analysing Print Journalism (2008).