The Future of Journalism: In an Age of Digital Media and Economic Uncertainty: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

The Future of Journalism: In an Age of Digital Media and Economic Uncertainty

1st Edition

Edited by Bob Franklin


558 pages

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The development of digital media has delivered innovations and prompted tectonic shifts in all aspects of journalism practice, the journalism industry and scholarly research in the field of journalism studies; this book offers detailed accounts of changes in all three arenas. The collapse of the ‘advertising model’, in tandem with the impact of the continuing global recession, has created economic difficulties for legacy media, and an increasingly frenzied search for new business strategies to resource a sustainable journalism, while triggering concerns about the very future of journalism and journalists.

The Future of Journalism: In an Age of Digital Media and Economic Uncertainty brings together the research conversation conducted by a distinguished group of scholars, researchers, journalists and journalism educators from around the globe and hosted by ‘The Future of Journalism’ at Cardiff University in September 2013. The significance of their responses to these pressing and challenging questions is impossible to overstate. Divided into nine sections, this collection analyses and discusses the future of journalism in relation to: Revenues and Business Models; Controversies and Debates; Changing Journalism Practice; Social Media; Photojournalism and visual images of News; Local and Hyperlocal journalism; Quality, Transparency and Accountability; and Changing Professional Roles and Identities.

This book is essential reading for everyone interested in the prospects for journalism and the consequent implications for communications within and between local, national and international communities, for economic growth, the operation of democracy and the maintenance and development of the social and cultural life of societies around the globe. This book was originally published as special issues of Digital Journalism, Journalism Practice and Journalism Studies.

Table of Contents

Introduction - The Future of Journalism in an Age of Digital Media and Economic Uncertainty Bob Franklin

Part I: The Future of Journalism: Revenues and Business Models

1. Twilight or New Dawn of Journalism? Evidence from the changing news ecosystem Robert G. Picard

2. Homogenisation or Differentiation? The effects of consolidation in the regional newspaper market Helle Sjøvaag

3. Paid Content: A successful revenue model for publishing houses in Germany? Barbara Brandstetter and Jessica Schmalhofer

4. Assessing the Sustainability of Latin American Investigative Non-profit Journalism José Luis Requejo-Alemán and Jairo Lugo-Ocando

5. Future Business Innovation in Minority Language Media: Back to basics Iñaki Zabaleta, Carme Ferré-Pavia, Arantza Gutierrez, Itxaso Fernandez and Nikolas Xamardo

Part II: The Future of Journalism: Controversies and Debates

6. Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Digital News Media: Ethical implications for journalists and media organisations Stephen Wood, Paul Shabajee, Daniel Schien, Christopher Hodgson and Chris Preist

7. Revisiting Narrative Journalism as one of the Futures of Journalism Erik Neveu

8. Dialogue as a Journalistic Ideal Harald Hornmoen and Steen Steensen

9. Why Democracies Need a Functional Definition of Journalism Now More than Ever Ivor Shapiro

10. Morbid Symptoms: Between a dying and a re-birth (apologies to Gramsci) Martin Conboy and Scott Eldridge II

11. Constructing the Crisis of Journalism: Towards a cultural understanding of the economic collapse of newspapers during the digital revolution María Luengo

12. Code, Collaboration and the Future of Journalism: A case study of the Hacks/Hackers Global Network Seth Lewis and Nikki Usher

13. The Construction of Participation in News Websites: A five-dimensional model Yacov Netzer, Keren Tenenboim-Weinblatt and Limor Shifman

14. Journalism in Dispersion: Exploring the blurring boundaries of newsmaking through a controversy David Domingo and Florence Le Cam

Part III: The Future of Journalism: Changing Journalism Practice

15. Enter the Robot Journalist: Users’ perceptions of automated content Christer Clerwall

16. Data Journalism in Sweden: Introducing new methods and genres of journalism into "old" organisations Esther Applegren and Gunnar Nygren

17. Visualising News: Make it work Gerard Smit, Yael de Haan and Laura Buijs

18. A Time of Uncertainty: The effects of reporters’ time schedule on their work Zvi Reich and Yigal Godler

19. The Future of Breaking News Online: A study of live blogs through surveys of their consumption, readers’ attitudes and participation Neil Thurman and Nic Newman

20. Follow-up Communication in the Blogosphere: A comparative study of bloggers linking to professional and participatory media Christian Nuernbergk

21. Media Convergence Revisited: Lessons learned on newsroom integration in Austria, Germany and Spain José A. García-Avilés, Andy Kaltenbrunner, and Klaus Meier

22. Journalism and the City: Redefining the spaces of foreign Correspondence Cristina Archetti

23. Networking or Not Working? A comparison of Arab Spring coverage in Belgian newspapers and TV news Sarah Van Leuven, Annelore Deprez and Karin Raeymaeckers

24. Citation needed: Investigating the use of hyperlinks to display sources in news stories Juliette de Maeyer

25. Revealing the News: How online news changes without you noticing John Fass and Angus Main

Part IV: The Future of Journalism: Social Media

26. Tailor-made News: Meeting the demands of news users on mobile and social media Tim Groot Kormelink and Irene Costera Meijer

27. Social Media References in Newspapers: Facebook, Twitter and YouTube as sources in newspaper journalism Steve Paulussen and Raymond Harder

28. Engaging the Social News User: Comments on news sites and Facebook Sanne Hille and Piet Bakker

29. Identifying and Verifying News through Social Media: Developing a user-centred tool for professional journalists Steve Schifferes, Nic Newman, Neil Thurman, David Corney, Ayse Göker and Carlos Martin

30. Digital "Gatekeeping": News media versus social media Peter Bro and Filip Wallberg

Part V: The Future of Journalism: Photojournalism and visual images of News

31. Proximity as a Journalistic Keyword in the Digital Era: A study of the "closeness" of amateur news images Laura Ahva and Mervi Pantti

32. The Robot Eye Witness: Extending visual journalism through drone surveillance Astrid Gynnild

33. Anyone Can Take a Photo: But is there space for the professional photographer in the 21st Century newsroom? Helen Caple

34. Textual DNA: The hindered authorship of photojournalists in the Western press Zvi Reich and Inbal Klein-Avraham

35. The Role of the Non-Government Organisation in Practising Editorial Photography in a Globalised Media Environment Louise Grayson

36. The Undressed Newsroom: The application of visual ethnography in media research Kateřina Sv. Gillárová, Alice N. Tejkalová and Filip Láb

Part VI: The Future of Journalism: Local and Hyperlocal

37. Re-establishing the Relationship with the Public: Regional Journalism and Citizens’ Involvement in the News Liesbeth Hermans, Gabi Schaap and Jo Bardoel

38. The Hyperlocal in Practice: Innovation, creativity and diversity Marco van Kerkhoven and Piet Bakker

39. The Changing Role of the Local News Media in Enabling Citizens to Engage in Local Democracies Julie Firmstone and Stephen Coleman

Part VII: The Future of Journalism: Quality, Transparency and Accountability

40. You Ain’t Seen Nothing Yet: Transparency’s (lack of) effect on source and message credibility Michael Karlsson, Christer Clerwall and Lars Nord

41. Accounting for Journalism Martin Eide

42. The Journalistic Quality of Internet Formats and Services: Results of a user survey Christoph Neuberger

Part VIII: Journalism: Changing Professional Roles and Identities

43. Mr Gates Returns: Curation, community management and other new roles for journalists Piet Bakker

44. The Dynamics of Professional Identity: Why journalists view journalists working in PR as a threat to journalism Magnus Fredriksson and Bengt Johansson

45. To Intervene or be Neutral, to Investigate or Entertain? National and intranational factors in the formation of Nordic journalism students´ role perceptions Jan Fredrik Hovden

46. Towards the Liberal Model: The professional ideals of Swedish journalists Jenny Wiik

About the Editor

Bob Franklin is Professor of Journalism Studies in the School of Journalism, Media and Cultural Studies at Cardiff University, UK. He is founding editor of the journals Digital Journalism, Journalism Practice, and Journalism Studies. Recent book length studies include: The Future of Journalism: Developments and Debates (2013); Televising Democracies (2013); Social Work, the Media and Public Relations (2013, with Nigel Parton); The Future of Journalism (2011); Journalism Education, Training and Employment (2011, with Donica Mensing); Journalism, Sources and Credibility: New Perspectives with Matt Carlson (2011); and The Future of Newspapers (2009).

About the Series

Journalism Studies

Theory and Practice

The journal Journalism Studies was established at the turn of the new millennium by Bob Franklin. It was launched in the context of a burgeoning interest in the scholarly study of journalism and an expansive global community of journalism scholars and researchers. The ambition was to provide a forum for the critical discussion and study of journalism as a subject of intellectual inquiry but also an arena of professional practice. Previously, the study of journalism in the UK and much of Europe was a fairly marginal branch of the larger disciplines of media, communication and cultural studies; only a handful of Universities offered degree programmes in the subject. Journalism Studies has flourished and succeeded in providing the intended public space for discussion of research on key issues within the field, to the point where in 2007 a sister journal, Journalism Practice, was launched to enable an enhanced focus on practice-based issues, as well as foregrounding studies of journalism education, training and professional concerns. Both journals are among the leading ranked journals within the field and publish six issues annually, in electronic and print formats. From the outset, the publication of themed issues has been a commitment for both journals. Their purpose is first, to focus on highly significant or neglected areas of the field; second, to facilitate discussion and analysis of important and topical policy issues; and third, to offer readers an especially high quality and closely focused set of essays, analyses and discussions; or all three.

The Journalism Studies: Theory and Practice book series draws on a wide range of these themed issues from both journals and thereby extends the critical and public forum provided by them. The Editor of the journals works closely with guest editors to ensure that the books achieve relevance for readers and the highest standards of research rigour and academic excellence. The series makes a significant contribution to the field of journalism studies by inviting distinguished scholars, academics and journalism practitioners to discuss and debate the central concerns within the field. It also reaches a wider readership of scholars, students and practitioners across the social sciences, humanities and communication arts, encouraging them to engage critically with, but also to interrogate, the specialist scholarly studies of journalism which this series provides.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Media Studies