This volume draws together research originally presented at the 2015 Future of Journalism conference at Cardiff University, UK. The conference theme, ‘Risks, Threats and Opportunities,’ highlighted five areas of particular concern for discussion and debate.
The first of these areas, ‘Journalism and Social Media’, explores how journalism and the role of the journalist are being redefined in the digital age of social networking, crowd-sourcing and ‘big data’, and how the influence of media like Twitter, Facebook, YouTube, Instagram, and Reddit affects the gathering, reporting or consumption of news? ‘Journalists at Risk’ assesses the key issues surrounding journalists’ safety and their right to report, as news organizations and their sources are increasingly targeted in war, conflict or crisis situations. The third area, ‘Journalism Under Surveillance’, asks what freedom of the press means in a post-Snowden climate. What are the new forms of censorship confronting journalism today, and what emergent tactics will help it to speak truth to power?
‘Journalism and the Fifth Estate’ examines the traditional ideals of the fourth estate, which risk looking outdated, if not obsolete, in the modern world. How much can we rely on citizen media to produce alternative forms of news reporting, and how can we reform mainstream media institutions to make them more open, transparent and accountable to the public? The final area, ‘Journalism’s Values’, asks how journalism’s ethical principles and moral standards are evolving in relation to the democratic cultures of communities locally, regionally, nationally or internationally. What are the implications of changing priorities for the education, training and employment of tomorrow’s journalists?
Every chapter in this volume engages with a pressing issue for the future of journalism, offering an original, thought-provoking perspective intended to help facilitate further dialogue and debate. The chapters in this book were originally published in special issues of Digital Journalism, Journalism Practice, and Journalism Studies.
Foreword Introduction – The Future of Journalism: Risks, Threats and Opportunities 1. The New Geography of Journalism Research: Levels and spaces 2. Participatory Maps: Digital cartographies and the new ecology of journalism 3. Giving computers a nose for news: Exploring the limits of story detection and verification 4. Appropriating Social Media: The changing uses of social media among journalists across time 5. Sourcing the BBC’s live online coverage of terror attacks 6. Twitter as a flexible tool: How the job role of the journalist influences tweeting habits 7. The anatomy of leaking in the age of megaleaks: New triggers, old news practices 8. Social News = Journalism Evolution? How the integration of UGC into newswork helps and hinders the role of the journalist 9. "Twitter Just Exploded": Social media as alternative vox pop 10. Who shares what with whom and why? News sharing profiles amongst Flemish news users 11. Making sense of Twitter buzz: The cross-media construction of news stories in election time 12. Letting the Data speak: Role perceptions of data journalists in fostering democratic conversation 13. Towards a New Model for Journalism Education 14. The Future of Professional Photojournalism: Perceptions of risk 15. Unravelling Data Journalism: A study of data journalism practice in British newsrooms 16. Changes in U.S. Journalism: How do journalists think about social media? 17. Are you talking to me? An analysis of journalism conversation on social media 18. Political Journalists’ Interaction Networks: The German Federal Press Conference on Twitter 19. Journalism Under Threat: Intimidation and harassment of Swedish journalists 20. Fake News: The narrative battle over the Ukrainian conflict 21. Gender, Risk and Journalism 22. Intrapreneurial Informants: An emergent role of freelance journalists 23. Mapping changes in local news 24. Mixed Messages: An investigation into the discursive construction of journalism as a practice 25. The New Architecture of Communications 26. Normative Expectations: Employing "communities of practice" models for assessing journalism’s normative claims 27. Valuable Journalism: Measuring news quality from a user’s perspective 28. Folk Theories of Journalism: The many faces of a local newspaper 29. Interacting with Audiences: Journalistic role conceptions, reciprocity, and perceptions about participation 30. Cosmopolitan Journalists? Global journalism in the work and visions of journalists 31. Participation and the Blurring Values of Journalism 32. Core Blighty? How journalists define themselves through metaphor: British Journalism Review 2011-2014 33. What makes a good journalist? Empathy as a central resource in journalistic work practice 34. Camouflaging Church as State: An exploratory study of journalism’s native advertising 35. Embedded Links, Embedded Meanings: Social media commentary and news sharing as mundane media criticism 36. Power to the Virtuous? Civic culture in the changing digital terrain