The Future of Trade Unionism
International Perspectives on Emerging Union Structures
First published in 1997, this volume discusses the conditions for contemporary and future unionism in the light of recent economic, political and managerial changes. It presents theoretical and empirical research from Australia, Austria, Canada, Denmark, Italy, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Russia, South Africa, Sweden and the United States. Part 2 provides a rich international description of threats and challenges to contemporary and future unionism. Part 3 focuses on union strategical and structural change. Part 4 is concerned with the consequences of the changing union environment for member-union relations. Magnus Sverke and the contributors here present research addressing how the changing environmental conditions affect unions and their members and demonstrate the importance of applying an international and multi-disciplinary perspective on the analysis of these issues.
Table of Contents
Part 1. Introduction. 1. Emerging Union Structures: An Introduction. Magnus Sverke. 2. Reforming and Rationalizing Union Structure: New Directions and Unanswered Questions. Gary N. Chaison. Part 2. Threats and Challenges to Contemporary Trade Unionism. 3. Swedish Trade Unionism: Threats and Challenges. Rudolf Meidner. 4. Political Exchange in Austria’s Collective Bargaining System: The Role of the Nationalized Industries. Wolfgang Pollan. 5. Formal and Informal Representativeness in Italy: Members and Voters of the Confederal Trade Unions. Patrizio Di Nicola. 6. Legitimizing Union Structures: Trends in New Zealand. Raymond Harbridge and Anthony Honeybone. 7. Union Responses to the Restructuring of the Pulp and Paper Industry in Quebec. Reynald Bourque and Claude Rioux. 8. Renewal and Crisis in Russian Unionism. Boris Kagarlitsky. 9. Against the Flow? Issues of Growth and Structure in the South African Trade Union Movement, 1979-1995. Ian Macun. Part 3. Union Strategical and Structural Change. 10. Changing Strategic Capacities: Union Amalgamations in Canada and Australia. Charlotte Yates and Peter Ewer. 11. The Degree of Autonomy of Canadian Local Unions of National and International Unions. Diane Veilleux and Renaud Paquet. 12. Decentralization in the Danish Public Sector: The Emergence of Local Pay Bargaining Strategies. Torben Andersen. 13. A New Political Unionism: Welfare Workers and Union Feminism in Sweden. Winton Higgins. 14. Engendering Union Democracy: Comparing Sweden and Australia. Jennifer Curtin. 15. Toward a Better Understanding of Union Planning. Kay Devine and Yonatan Reshef. Part 4. Member-Union Relations. 16. Union Attitudes as a Perceptual Filter. E. Kevin Kelloway, Julian Barling and Victor M. Catano. 17. The Business Cycle Theory and Individual Unionization Decisions: A Comparison of Macro- and Micro-Influences on Union Membership. Coen van Rij and Annelies Daalder. 18. Abstaining from Voting in Union Certification Elections. C. Gail Hepburn, Catherine A. Loughlin and Julian Barling. 19. Union Attitudes: Ideologues and Instrumentalists. Clive Fullagar, Renee Slick, Canan Sumer and Paul Marquardt. 20. Ideological and Instrumental Union Commitment. Magnus Sverke and Anders Sjöberg. 21. Modelling the Influence of Steward Satisfaction and Participation on Perceived Union Performance. Robert R. Sinclair, James E. Martin, Lois E. Tetrick and Michael McMillan. 22. A Test of the Exit-Voice Hypothesis in an Australian Work Setting. Donna M. Buttigieg and Roderick D. Iverson. 23. Peripheral Employment Contracts: The Relationship Between Part-Time Employment and Union Attachment. Daniel G. Gallagher, Judith W. Tansky and Kurt W. Wetzel. 24. Short-Term Union Merger Effects on Member Attitudes and Behaviour. Magnus Sverke and Anders Sjöberg. 25. Evaluating the Effectiveness of a Political Action Campaign on Union Members. Victor M. Catano and E. Kevin Kelloway.