The Gendering of Inequalities
Women, Men and Work
This was first published in 2000: This work is founded on the premise that many analyses of economic restructuring and of gender relations fail to recognize two things. First, the situation facing women is different from that of the 1960s when the conceptual apparatuses for analyzing "women and work" were created. Labour markets are dominated by flexible, non-standard work, precarious contractual relations and income disparities. Therefore, it is difficult to structure political claims or analysis around the notion that there is a single labour market, that the primary problem is discrimination or inappropriate training, and that political strategies should focus on discrimination and non-traditional employment. Rather, new challenges require new solutions. The second point of departure is that is is impossible to understand either contemporary labour markets, or the roots of employment and other public policies without locating them vis a vis patterns of gender inequalities generated by and in these labour markets. The labour force has been feminized to such an extent that new, and often unequal gender relations are crucial to their very functioning.
Table of Contents
List of Figures -- List of Tables -- List of Contributors -- Foreword by Jane Jenson, Jacqueline Laufer and Margaret Maruani -- INTRODUCTION -- 1 A Comparative Perspective on Work and Gender Jane Jenson -- 2 An Overview of the Major Issues /Margaret Maruani -- PART I CATEGORICAL MESSAGES: THINKING AND RETHINKING GENDER RELATIONS /Jane Jenson, Co-ordinator -- Introduction to Part I - Intersections: Gender Categories in Time and Space /Jane Jenson -- 3 Time and Women’s Work: Historical Periodisations /Delphine Gardey -- 4 Where Have They Been Working and What Have They Been Doing? Historical Perspectives on Working Women /Sylvie Schweitzer -- 5 Immigrant Women and Their Daughters: Intersections of Race, Class and Gender /Frangoise Gaspard -- 6 The Sexual Division of Labour Re-examined /Helena Hirata and Daniele Kergoat -- 7 Re-signifying the Worker: Gender and Flexibility /Sylvia Walby -- PART II BE PREPARED: EDUCATION, TRAINING, AND SKILLING /Marlaine Cacouault and Catherine Marry, Co-ordinators -- Introduction to Part II - Variations on Women’s and Men’s Occupations /Marlaine Cacouault -- 8 A Hidden Curriculum? Coeducation and Gender Identity /Annick Durand-Delvigne and Marie Duru-Bellat -- 9 The Social Construction of Skill /Anne-Marie Daune-Richard -- 10 Secretarial Work and Technological Change /Philippe Alonzo and Olivier Liaroutzos -- 11 The French and German Educational Models and Their Consequences for Women /Catherine Marry -- PART III WOMEN’S RELATIONSHIP TO LABOUR MARKETS: MORE AND MORE PRECARIOUS? Chantal Rogerat and Rachel Silvera, Co-ordinators -- Introduction to Part III - (Wo)man-Handled by the Labour Market /Chantal Rogerat -- 12 The Enduring Wage Gap: A Europe-Wide Comparison /Rachel Silvera -- 13 Part-Time Work: Challenging the “Breadwinner” Gender Contract /Colette Fagan, Jacqueline O ’Reilly and Jill Rubery -- 14 Female Unemployment in France and the Rest of Europe /Annie Gauvin -- 15 Moving Towards the American Model? Women and Unemployment in Great Britain /Ariane Hegewisch -- 16 When Exclusion is Socially Acceptable: The Case of Spain /Teresa Toms -- PART IV PUBLIC POLICY: PROMOTING EQUALITY OR ENGENDERING NEW INEQUALITIES? /Jacqueline Laufer, Co-ordinator -- Introduction to Part IV - Public Sphere, Private Sphere: The Issue of Women’s Rights /Jacqueline Laufer -- 17 Equality at Work: What Difference does Legislating Make? /Marie-Therese Lanquetin -- 18 European Policies Promoting More Flexible Labour Forces /Daniele Meulders -- 19 Family Policy and the Labour Market in European Welfare States /Jane Lewis -- 20 France’s New Service Sector and the Family /Michel Lallement -- 21 Democracy Confronts the New Domestic Services /Genevieve Fraisse -- 22 Rethinking Time: There is More to Life than Working Time /Maria-Carmen Belloni, Jean-Yves Boulin and Annie Junter-Loiseau -- CONCLUSION -- 23 The Future Remains Open /Christian Baudelot.
The University of Montreal, Canada. HEC, School of Management, France. CSU-CNRS, France.