1st Edition

The Genocide of the Christian Populations in the Ottoman Empire and its Aftermath (1908-1923)

    284 Pages 7 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    During the twilight years of the Ottoman Empire, the ethnic tensions between the minority populations within the empire led to the administration carrying out a systematic destruction of the Armenian people. This not only brought 2,000 years of Armenian civilisation within Anatolia to an end but was accompanied by the mass murder of Syriac and Greek Orthodox Christians.

    Containing a selection of papers presented at The Genocide of the Christian Populations of the Ottoman Empire and Its Aftermath (1908–1923) international conference, hosted by the Chair for Pontic Studies at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, this book draws on unpublished archival material and an innovative historiographical approach to analyze events and their legacy in comparative perspective. In order to understand the historical context of the Ottoman Genocide, it is important to study, apart from the Armenian case, the fate of the Greek and Assyrian peoples, providing a more comprehensive understanding of the complexity of the situation.

    This volume is primarily a research contribution but should also be valued as a supplementary text that would provide secondary reading for undergraduates and postgraduate students.

    Introduction: The Anatomy of Ottoman Genocide

    Taner Akcam


    Part 1: Documentation, Historical Perspectives/Dimensions


    1. The Pontic Greek Genocide documented by Political Archive of the Pontus National Council

    Kyriakos Chatzikyriakidis


    2. Testimonies of American Charitable and Missionary Organizations on the Genocide of the Pontic Greeks

    Theodosios Kyriakidis


    3. The evidence of the French commission in Pontus on the anti-hellenic persecutions after the end of the First World War (1919-1920)

    Evripidis Georganopoulos


    4. Liman von Sanders and the German plans for the Christians in Asia Minor during World War I

    Stratos N. Dordanas and Vaios Kalogrias


    5. Poles in the Ottoman Empire and Their Opinion on the Extermination of Greeks and Armenians, (1909-1918)

    Dominika Maria Macios


    Part 2: Memory, Recognition and Denialism


    6. Late Recognition of the Assyrian Genocide

    David Gaunt


    7. Big Secrets, Small Villages. The Collective Memory of the Assyrian Genocide

    Mary Akdemir


    8. Why does Turkish Denialism of Genocide against Christians Persist?: An Examination of the Political and Cultural Factors

    Mark A. Wolfgram


    Part 3: Legal Aspects and Human Rights


    9. The "systematic extermination" of the Christian element as presented before the Commission on the Responsibility of the Authors of the War and on Enforcement of Penalties (1919-1920)

    Marilena N. Papadaki


    10. The Greek Minority’s Fate in the Former Ottoman Empire as a Human-Rights Crisis

    H. Travis


    11. Shared Intent in a Collapsing Empire: Pan-Turkism as Mens Rea Evidence of Genocide against Christian Populations in the Late Ottoman Period

    Michael J. Kelly


    12. Protection of Women and Children in the Near East: the Efforts of the League of Nations

    Edita Gzoyan


    Taner Akçam is Professor of History, Director of Armenian Genocide Research Program at Promise Armenian Institute at UCLA. He published extensively on Armenian Genocide and Turkish Nationalism. His most known books A Shameful Act: The Armenian Genocide and the Question of Turkish Responsibility (Metropolitan Books, 2006) and Killing Orders: Talat Pasha’s Telegrams and the Armenian Genocide (Palgrave, 2018).

    Theodosios Kyriakidis is Research Fellow at the Chair for Pontic Studies of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki and associate lecturer at International Hellenic University and Hellenic Open University. His research interests include the history and culture of the Greeks of Pontus and Asia Minor as well as the Genocide of the Christian population of the Ottoman Empire. His latest book is In the Name of Faith and Civilization: Roman-Catholic Missionaries in Nineteenth-Century Pontus (2019).

    Kyriakos Chatzikyriakidis is Associate Professor at the Chair for Pontic Studies of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki and associate lecturer at the Hellenic Open University. His research interests lie mainly in the area of economic and social history of the Greeks of Anatolia and Cyprus (19th-early 20th century) and the refugee settlement of the Greeks of Asia Minor in Greece after the Lausanne Treaty (1923).