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The Global Handbook of Media Accountability




ISBN 9780367346287
Published December 31, 2021 by Routledge
632 Pages 18 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

The Global Handbook of Media Accountability brings together leading scholars to de-Westernize the academic debate on media accountability and discuss different models of media self-regulation and newsroom transparency around the globe. With examination of the status quo of media accountability in 43 countries worldwide, it offers a theoretically informed comparative analysis of accountability regimes of different varieties. As such, it constitutes the first interdisciplinary academic framework comparing structures of media accountability across all continents and creates an invaluable basis for further research and policymaking. It will therefore appeal to scholars and students of media studies and journalism, mass communication, sociology, and political science, as well as policymakers and practitioners.

Table of Contents

Part 1 Introduction

1 Media Accountability: A Global Perspective

Susanne Fengler, Tobias Eberwein, Matthias Karmasin, Sandra Barthel, and Dominik Speck

Part 2 Anglo-Saxon Countries

2 Overview: Anglo-Saxon Countries

Tim P. Vos

3 The United Kingdom: Consolidation and Fragmentation

Gordon Ramsay

4 The United States of America: The Triumph of Autonomy over Accountability

Ryan J. Thomas

5 Canada: Fragile Consolidation Efforts in Media Accountability

Simon Thibault, Colette Brin, and Pierre Trudel

6 Australia and New Zealand: A Resurgence of Public Interest in Media Performance

Ian Richards and Verica Rupar

Part 3 Western Europe

7 Overview: Western Europe

Tobias Eberwein, Susanne Fengler, and Matthias Karmasin

8 Sweden: Old Wine in New Bottles

Torbjorn Von Krogh and Goran Svensson

9 Germany: Beyond the Beacon

Tobias Eberwein and Janis Brinkmann

10 Spain: An Expanding Accountability Landscape with Major Challenges to Overcome

Xavier Ramon, Ruth Rodriguez-Martinez, Marcel Mauri-Rios, and Salvador Alsius

11 Italy: Overregulation, Media Concentration, Political Transparency, and Economic Crisis

Sergio Splendore

Part 4 Central and Eastern Europe and the Post-Soviet Space

12 Overview: Central and Eastern Europe and the Post-Soviet Space

Bogusława Dobek-Ostrowska

13 Poland: Polarized Model of Media Accountability

Michał Głowacki and Michał Kuś

14 Hungary: Growing Concentration, Intensifying Control

Agnes Urban

15 Estonia: From Analog to Digital – One Step Upward but Two Steps Back?

Urmas Loit, Epp Lauk, and Halliki Harro-Loit

16 Bosnia and Herzegovina: The Authority, the Media, and the Public in Correlating Multiple Negative Influences

Enes Osmančević

17 Ukraine: Lack of Self-Regulation in an Oligarch-Driven Media Landscape

Dariya Orlova and Halyna Budivska

18 Russia: Media Accountability in a Polarized Society

Anna Litvinenko and Svetlana S. Bodrunova

19 Kyrgyzstan: Accountability in a Constrained Media Environment

Bahtiyar Kurambayev

Part 5 Turkey, Israel, the Mena Region, and Iran

20 Overview: Turkey, Israel, the Mena Region, and Iran

Judith Pies and Hanan Badr

21 Turkey: Crackdowns against Journalists are Paralyzing Media Accountability

Ceren Sozeri Ozdal

22 Israel: The Importance of Alternative Media as a Media Accountability Instrument

Noam Lemelshtrich Latar, Matan Aharoni, and Motti Poppel

23 Morocco: Accountability at a Nascent Stage

Mohammed Ibahrine and Bouziane Zaid

24 Tunisia: The Urgent Need for Media Accountability

Abdelkrim Hizaoui

25 Egypt: No Horizons for Independent Media Accountability?

Hanan Badr and Nadia Leihs

26 Jordan: (Still) Co-Opted and Contained

Philip Madanat and Judith Pies

27 Iraq: Citizens Finally Taking Media into Account

Anja Wollenberg

28 Iran: Centralized Control and Tattered Accountability

Mahsa Alimardani and Marcus Michaelsen

Part 6 Sub-Saharan Africa

29 Overview: Sub-Saharan Africa

Herman Wasserman

30 Kenya: An Exploration of Media Regulation and Accountability

Levi Obonyo

31 Nigeria: Democratic Press, Authoritarian Government?

Chinyere Stella Okunna, Ngozi Marion Emmanuel, and Henry Chigozie Duru

32 Ghana: The Double-Bind of Media Freedom

Michael Yao Wodui Serwornoo, Benedine Azanu, Timothy Quashigah, and Modestus Fosu

33 South Africa: Media Accountability in a Young Democracy

Herman Wasserman

34 Namibia: Fit for Purpose? A Critical Assessment of the Performance of the Media Ombudsperson System

Admire Mare and Hilary Mare

35 Uganda: The Arduous Quest for Media Accountability

William Tayeebwa

36 Zimbabwe: Media Accountability in an Authoritarian Context

Wallace Chuma

Part 7 Asia

37 Overview: Asia

Shakuntala Rao

38 India: Strong State and Weak Media Accountability

Suruchi Mazumdar

39 Pakistan: Corporatization and Weak Ethics

Sher Baz Khan

40 Myanmar: Potential Diversity, Unfulfilled Hopes

Dominik Speck, Isabella Kurkowski, and Zayar Hlaing

41 Japan: Corporate Accountability First

Cesar Castellvi

42 China: Little Prospect of Enhanced Media Accountability

Sigrun Abels, Hendrik Ankenbrand, Doris Fischer, and Shi Ming

43 Hong Kong: Media in Political Turmoil

Agnes Lam, Ernest Lau, and Florence Ng

44 Indonesia: A Press Council with Exceptional Powers

Angela Romano and Stanley Adi Prasetyo

Part 8 Latin America

45 Overview: Latin America

Fernando Oliveira Paulino, Mariella Bastian, and Renata Gomes

46 Argentina: Advances and Setbacks in the Democratization of Communication

Cynthia Ottaviano

47 Brazil: Media Accountability Instruments, Journalists, and Media Ownership

Fernando Oliveira Paulino, Mariella Bastian, and Renata Gomes

48 Chile: Double System of Self-Regulation and a few Union Organizations

Fernando Gutierrez Atala and Constanza Hormazabal Durand

49 Mexico: Searching for a More Independent and Democratic Media System

Lenin Martell and Laura Martinez Aguila

50 Colombia: Media Observatories and Ombudspersons as Places of Reflection

Diego Garcia Ramirez, Maria Patricia Tellez, and Edgar Allan Nino Prato

51 Costa Rica: Media Responsibility as a Pending Issue

Patricia Vega Jimenez, Giselle Boza Solano, Lilliana Solis Solis, Luisa Ochoa-Chaves, and Lidieth Garro-Rojas

Part 9 Conclusions

52 Summary of Country Chapters

Susanne Fengler, Tobias Eberwein, Matthias Karmasin, Sandra Barthel, and Dominik Speck

53 A Comparative Analysis of Media Accountability across the Globe: Models, Frameworks, Perspectives

Susanne Fengler

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Editor(s)

Biography

Susanne Fengler is Professor of International Journalism and Director of the Erich Brost Institute for International Journalism at TU Dortmund University, Germany. She is the co-editor of Journalists and Media Accountability: An International Study of News People in the Digital Age, Cultures of Transparency: Between Promise and Peril, and The European Handbook of Media Accountability.

Tobias Eberwein is Senior Researcher at the Institute for Comparative Media and Communication Studies at the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, Austria. He is the co-editor of Media Accountability in the Era of Post-Truth Politics: European Challenges and Perspectives, Mapping Media Accountability – In Europe and Beyond, and The European Handbook of Media Accountability.

Matthias Karmasin is Director of the Institute for Comparative Media and Communication Studies at the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, and Full Professor at the Department of Media and Communications at the University of Klagenfurt, Austria. He is the co-editor of Responsibility and Resistance: Ethics in Mediatized Worlds, the Handbook of Integrated CSR Communication, and The European Handbook of Media Accountability.