This book gives an account of how the U.S. freight transportation system has been impacted and “globalized,” since the 1950s, by the presence of the shipping container. A globally standardized object, the container carries cargo moving in international trade, and it utilizes and fits within the existing transportation infrastructures of shipping, trucking and railroads. In this way it binds them together into a nearly seamless worldwide logistics network. This process occurs not only in ocean shipping and at ports, but also deep within national territories. In its dependence on existing infrastructural systems, though, the network of container movement as it pervades domestic space is shaped by the history and geography of the nation-state. This global network is not invariably imposed in a top-down manner—to a large degree, it is cobbled together out of national, regional and local systems. Heins describes this in the American context, examining the freight transportation infrastructures of railroads, trucking and inland waterways, and also the terminals where containers are transferred between train and truck. The book provides a detailed historical narrative, and is also theoretically informed by the contemporary literature on infrastructure and globalization.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction 2. The Rise of the Shipping Container 3. Containerization as Infrastructure 4. Globalizing the Infrastructure of the Nation-State 5. The Reluctant Railroads 6. Trucking Gets On Board 7. The Changing Railroads 8. Trucking Finds Its Place 9. Sites of Transfer 10. Slow Going on the Inland Waterways 11. Conclusion
Matthew Heins is an independent scholar, and works in urban planning. He gained his PhD degree from the University of Michigan, and has been a faculty member at Rhode Island School of Design, Northeastern University and Wayne State University.