The Globalization of Evidence-Based Policing
Innovations in Bridging the Research-Practice Divide
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Evidence-based policing is based on the simple, but powerful, idea that crime prevention and crime control policy should be based on what works best in promoting public safety, as determined by the best available scientific evidence. Bringing together leading academics and practitioners, this book explores a wide range of case studies from around the world that best exemplify the integration of scientific evidence in contemporary policing processes.
Chapters explore the transfer of scientific knowledge to the practice community, the role of officers in conducting police-led science, connection of work between police researchers and practitioners, and how evidence-based policing can be incorporated in daily police functions. The Globalization of Evidence-Based Policing is written for both researchers and practitioners interested in ensuring that scientific research is at centre stage in policing. Agencies (including law enforcement agencies, research centres, and institutions of higher learning) can look to these case studies as road maps to better foster an evidence-based approach to crime prevention and crime control. Those already committed to evidence-based policing can look to these chapters to ensure that evidence-based policing is firmly institutionalized within their agencies.
An accessible and compelling read, this book is essential reading for all those interested in learning more about and doing more to bring about evidence-based policing.
Table of Contents
Introduction 1.Evidence-Based Policing: Research, Practice, and Bridging the Great Divide Eric L. Piza and Brandon C. Welsh Part I. Transferring Scientific Knowledge to the Practice Community 2.Globalising Evidence-Based Policing: Case Studies of Community Policing, Reform, and Diversion Peter Neyroud 3.Developing Evidence-Based Crime Reduction Skills in Mid-Level Command Staff Jerry Ratcliffe 4.Fits and Starts: Criminology’s Influence on Policing Policy and Practice Nancy G. La Vigne 5.EMMIE and the What Works Centre for Crime Reduction: Progress, Challenges, and Future Directions for Evidence-Based Policing and Crime Reduction in the United Kingdom Aiden Sidebottom and Nick Tilley Part II. Empowering Officers to Conduct Police-Led Science 6.From Practitioner to Policy Maker: Developing Influence and Expertise to Deliver Police Reform Richard Smith 7.Creating a Social Network of Change Agents: The American Society of Evidence-Based Policing Heather Prince, Jason Potts and Renée J. Mitchell 8.Building Empowerment: The Canadian Approach to Evidence-Based Policing Laura Huey and Lorna Ferguson 9.Evidence-Based Policing in Australia and New Zealand: Empowering Police to Drive the Reform Agenda Lorraine Mazerolle, Sarah Bennett, Peter Martin, Michael Newman, David Cowan and Simon Williams Part III. Aligning the Work of Researchers and Practitioners 10.The LEADS Academics Program: Building Sustainable Police-Research Partnerships in Pursuit of Evidence-Based Policing Natalie Todak, Kyle McLean, Justin Nix and Cory P. Haberman 11.The Benefits and Challenges of Embedding Criminologists in Crime Analysis Units: An Example from Sweden Manne Gerell 12.Non-Traditional Research Partnerships to Aid the Adoption of Evidence-Based Policing Stephen Douglas and Anthony A. Braga 13.Data-Informed Community Engagement: The Newark Public Safety Collaborative Alejandro Gimenez-Santana, Joel M. Caplan and Leslie W. Kennedy 14.Surveillance, Action Research, and Community Technology Oversight Boards: A Proposed Model for Police Technology Research Eric L. Piza, Sarah P. Chu and Brandon C. Welsh Part IV. Incorporating Evidence-Based Policing in Daily Police Functions 15.Translating and Institutionalizing Evidence-Based Policing: The Matrix Demonstration Projects Cynthia Lum and Christopher S. Koper 16.CompStat360: CompStat Beyond the Numbers S. Rebecca Neusteter and Chris Magnus 17.Transitioning into an Evidence-Based Police Service: The New Zealand Experience Bruce O’Brien and Mark Evans 18.State-Wide Evidence-Based Policing: The Example of the New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services Michael C. Green and Leigh Bates 19.The Cambridge Police Executive Programme: A Global Reach for Pracademics Lawrence W. Sherman Conclusion 20.Evidence-Based Policing is Here to Stay: Lessons Learned and Next Steps Brandon C. Welsh and Eric L. Piza
Eric L. Piza is an Associate Professor at John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York. Before entering academia, he served as the Geographic Information Systems Specialist of the Newark, NJ Police Department. His research focuses on the spatial analysis of crime patterns, evidence-based policing, crime control technology, and the integration of academic research and police practice.
Brandon C. Welsh is a Professor in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Northeastern University in Boston and the Director of the Cambridge-Somerville Youth Study. His research centers on the prevention of delinquency and crime and evidence-based social policy.
Evidence-based policing is here to stay — that's how the editors of this collection begin their final chapter. The preceding 19 chapters back up that claim. The book is full of thoughtful discussion and concrete examples from numerous countries across four continents, written by leading practitioners and academics. Well done!
- Gary Cordner, Academic Director, Education and Training Section, Baltimore Police Department
Piza and Welsh’s exceptional book, The Globalization of Evidence-Based Policing, brings together an amazing set of scholars and practitioners. It is a master class that anyone holding a position of responsibility in the policing world — police executives, city managers, consultants, oversight officials, and academics — should be required to read.
- John Eck, Professor, University of Cincinnati
Piza and Welsh's comprehensive volume is a remarkable contribution to the "next generation" of evidence-based policing. We have amassed an extensive evidence-base establishing the effectiveness of various policing policies, practices, and reform efforts, and this book offers clear guidance on how researchers, police agencies, and communities can collaborate to ensure the benefits of these approaches can be realized in practice.
- Charlotte Gill, Associate Professor, George Mason University
A distinctive feature of evidence-based policing is that understanding the implementation of proven strategies shares equal billing with rigorous evaluation. Lists of promising projects lead nowhere without the hard work of change agents, and Piza and Welsh’s The Globalization of Evidence-Based Policing illustrates how leadership, staff buy-in, partnership building, and community involvement are needed to make what works really work!
- Wesley Skogan, Professor Emeritus, Northwestern University
As the role of policing in a democratic society continues to evolve, and the challenges of policing a multi-racial society become more complex, this volume offers insight and inspiration, enriched by scholarship from around the world. The imperative of bridging the divide between research and practice reverberates through every chapter. We can only hope that readers will follow this exhortation.
- Jeremy Travis, Executive Vice President of Criminal Justice, Arnold Ventures and President Emeritus, John Jay College of Criminal Justice