While the military use of drones has been the subject of much scrutiny, the use of drones for humanitarian purposes has so far received little attention. As the starting point for this study, it is argued that the prospect of using drones for humanitarian and other life-saving activities has produced an alternative discourse on drones, dedicated to developing and publicizing the endless possibilities that drones have for "doing good". Furthermore, it is suggested that the Good Drone narrative has been appropriated back into the drone warfare discourse, as a strategy to make war "more human".
This book explores the role of the Good Drone as an organizing narrative for political projects, technology development and humanitarian action. Its contribution to the debate is to take stock of the multiple logics and rationales according to which drones are "good", with a primary objective to initiate a critical conversation about the political currency of "good". This study recognizes the many possibilities for the use of drones and takes these possibilities seriously by critically examining the difference the drones' functionalities can make, but also what difference the presence of drones themselves – as unmanned and flying objects – make. Discussed and analysed are the implications for the drone industry, user communities, and the areas of crisis where drones are deployed.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert and Kristin Bergtora Sandvik
What Does It Take to Be Good?
Chapter 1: Susanne Krasmann
Targeted ‘Killer Drones’ and the Humanitarian Discourse: On a Liaison
Chapter 2: John Karlsrud and Frederik Rosén
Lifting the Fog of War? Opportunities and Challenges of Drones in UN Peace Operations
Chapter 3: Kristoffer Lidén and Kristin Bergtora Sandvik
Poison Pill or Cure-All: Drones and the Protection of Civilians
Chapter 4: Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert
Creating the EU Drone: Control, Sorting, and Search and Rescue at Sea
Chapter 5: Kristin Bergtora Sandvik
The Public Order Drone: Proliferation and Disorder in Civil Airspace
Chapter 6: Brad Bolman
A Revolution in Agricultural Affairs: Dronoculture, Precision, Capital
Chapter 7: Serge Wich, Lorna Scott, and Lian Pin Koh
Wings for Wildlife: the use of Conservation Drones, challenges and opportunities
Chapter 8: Mareile Kaufmann
Drone/Body: the Drone’s Power to Sense and Construct Emergencies
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik is Associate Professor at the Department of Criminology and Sociology of Law at the University of Oslo, and Senior Researcher at the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO). She holds a doctorate from Harvard Law School.
Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert is Senior Researcher at PRIO and the Director of the Norwegian Centre for Humanitarian Studies. She holds a PhD from the Institut d'Etudes Politiques, SciencesPo Paris.