This book examines the international dimensions of the Greek military dictatorship of 1967 to 1974 and uses it as a case study to evaluate the major shifts occurring in the international system during a period of rapid change.
The policies of the major nation-states in both East and West were determined by realistic Cold War considerations. At the same time, the Greek junta, a profoundly anti-modernist force, failed to cope with an evolving international agenda and the movement towards international cooperation. Denouncing it became a rallying point both for international organizations and for human rights activists, and it enabled the EEC to underscore the notion that democracy was an integral characteristic of the European identity.
This volume is an original in-depth study of an under-researched subject and the multiple interactions of a complex era. It is divided into three sections: Part I deals with the interaction of the Colonels with state actors; Part II deals with the responses of international organizations and the rising transnational human rights agenda for which the Greek junta became a totemic rallying point; and Part III compares and contrasts the transitions to democracy in Southern Europe, and analyses the different models of transition and region-building, and how they intersected with attempts to foster a European identity. The Greek dictatorship may have been a parochial military regime, but its rise and fall interacted with signifi cant international trends and can therefore serve as a salient case study for promoting a better understanding of international and European trends during the 1960s and 1970s.
This book will be of much interest to students of Cold War studies, international history, foreign policy, transatlantic relations and International Relations, in general.
Table of Contents
Foreword John O. Iatrides
1. Introduction Antonis Klapsis, Constantine Arvanitopoulos, Evanthis Hatzivassiliou, and Effie G. H. Pedaliu
2. ‘Papandreou Derangement Syndrome’? The United States and the April 1967 coup James Edward Miller
3. Greece in the tapes: Nixon and the junta Harry Papasotiriou
4. France and the Greek Colonels Maurice Vaïsse
5. Italy and the Greek military regime from the 1967 coup d’ état to the fall of the dictatorship Antonio Varsori
6. The Bavarian Greek Radio programme for Greek migrants and its impact on Greek-German relations, 1967-1974 Nikos Papanastasiou
7. Beyond the bi-polar world: Greece’s relations with China, Israel and Africa, 1967-1973 Dionysios Chourchoulis, Emmanuel Koumas, and Anastasios Panoutsopoulos
8. A clash of cultures? The UN, the Council of Europe and the Greek dictators Effie G. H. Pedaliu
9. Taking a stance: The European Community and the Greek junta Eirini Karamouzi
10. The challenges of modernism: Greece, environmentalism and the NATO Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society, 1969-1979 Evanthis Hatzivassiliou
11. ‘The situation in Greece’: American human rights activism in the wake of the 1967 coup Sarah B. Snyder
12. The Beckets vs. the Colonels: A study in the micro-evolution of global human rights activism in the ‘long 1960s’ Konstantina Maragkou
13. The Colonels’ coup of 1967 and the military take-overs in Turkey in 1960 and 1971 Mogens Pelt
14. International dimensions of democratization: revisiting the Spanish case Charles Powell
15. The Cold War and the Portuguese Revolution: three paradigms of an exemplary case study Mario Del Pero
16. The Greek transition to democracy Antonis Klapsis
17. Praetorian military regimes: the Greek case Constantine Arvanitopoulos
18. The Colonel’s Dictatorship 1967-1974: Internal and International Dimensions Michael Cox
Antonis Klapsis is Assistant Professor of Diplomacy and International Organization at the University of the Peloponnese, Greece.
Constantine Arvanitopoulos is the Constantine Karamanlis Chair in Hellenic and European Studies at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, USA.
Evanthis Hatzivassiliou is Professor of Post-war History at the University of Athens, Greece.
Effi e G. H. Pedaliu is a Visiting Fellow at LSE IDEAS, UK.