In the summer of 2008, a conflict that appeared to have begun in the breakaway Georgian territory of South Ossetia rapidly escalated to become the most significant crisis in European security in a decade. The implications of the Russian-Georgian war will be understood differently depending on one's narrative of what transpired and perspective on the broader context. This book is designed to present the facts about the events of August 2008 along with comprehensive coverage of the background to those events. It brings together a wealth of expertise on the South Caucasus and Russian foreign policy, with contributions by Russian, Georgian, European, and American experts on the region.
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Basing their work on two national surveys of household income in China - in 1988 and 1995 - leading Chinese and Western economists explore a wide range of aspects of the rapidly changing income distribution that occurred during this critical period of reform and transition to a market system. They consider increasing inequality and its causes, urban wages, the gender earnings gap, rural migration, income distribution and food security, and more.