This book provides a set of fresh and compelling interdisciplinary approaches to the enduring phenomenon of the guru in South Asia. Moving across different gurus and kinds of gurus, and between past and present, the chapters call attention to the extraordinary scope and richness of the social lives and roles of South Asian gurus. Prevailing scholarship has rightly considered the guru to be a source of religious and philosophical knowledge and mystical bodily practices. This book goes further and considers the social engagements and entanglements of these spiritual leaders, not just on their own (narrowly denominational) terms, but in terms of their diverse, complex, rapidly evolving engagements with ‘society’ broadly conceived. The book explores and illuminates the significance of female gurus, gurus from the perspective of Islam, imbrications of guru-ship and slavery in pre-modern India, connections between gurus and power, governance and economic liberalization in modern and contemporary India, vexed questions of sexuality and guru-ship, gurus’ charitable endeavours, the cosmopolitanism of gurus in contexts of spiritual tourism, and the mediation of gurus via technologies of electronic communication.
Bringing together internationally renowned scholars from religious studies, political science, history, sociology and anthropology, The Guru in South Asia provides exciting and original new insights into South Asian guru-ship.
Table of Contents
1. The Multifarious Guru: An Introduction Jacob Copeman and Aya Ikegame 2. The Governing Guru: Hindu Mathas In Liberalising India Aya Ikegame 3. The Slave Guru: Masters, Commanders, and Disciples In Early Modern South Asia William R. Pinch 4. The Political Guru: The Guru as Éminence Grise Christophe Jaffrelot 5. The Gay Guru: Fallibility, Unworldliness, and the Scene Of Instruction Lawrence Cohen 6. The Female Guru: Guru, Gender, and the Path Of Personal Experience Karen Pechilis 7. The Dreamed Guru: The Entangled Lives of the Amil and the Anthropologist Veena Das 8. The Mimetic Guru: Tracing the Real in Sikh-Dera Sacha Sauda Relations Jacob Copeman 9. The Mediated Guru: Simplicity, Instantaneity and Change in Middle-Class Religious Seeking Kathinka Frøystad 10. The Cosmopolitan Guru: Spiritual Tourism and Ashrams In Rishikesh Meena Khandelwal 11. The Literary Guru: The Dual Emphasis on Bhakti and Vidhi In Western Indian Guru-Devotion Jeremy Morse 12. Continuities As Gurus Change Daniel Gold
Jacob Copeman is Lecturer in Social Anthropology at the University of Edinburgh, UK.
Aya Ikegame is Research Associate for the ERC-funded OECUMENE project ‘Citizenship after Orientalism’ at the Open University, UK.