1st Edition

The Handbook of Collective Violence Current Developments and Understanding

    388 Pages 6 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    388 Pages 6 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The first of its kind, The Handbook of Collective Violence covers a range of contexts in which collective violence occurs, bringing together international perspectives from psychology, criminology and sociology into one complete volume.

    There have been significant advances made in the last 25 years regarding how collective violence is conceptualised and understood, with a move away from focusing on solely individual forms of violence toward examining and understanding violence that can occur within groups. This handbook presents some of the most interesting topics within the area of collective violence, drawing upon international expertise and including some of the most well-known academics and practitioners of our generation. Structured into four parts: understanding war; terrorism; public order and organized violent crime; and gang and multiple offender groups, this volume provides academics and practitioners with an up-to-date resource that covers core areas of interest and application.

    Accessibly written, it is ideal for both academics and policymakers alike, capturing developments in the field and offering a deep theoretical insight to enhance our understanding of how such collective violence evolves, alongside practical suggestions for management, prevention and intervention.

    SECTION 1: Understanding war

    Dr. Anthony Lopez

    Chapter 1. The Evolution of Warfare

    Dr. Anthony C. Lopez

    Chapter 2: When Social Identity-defining Groups Become Violent: Collective Responses to Identity Uncertainty, Status Erosion, and Resource Threat

    Dr. Sucharita Belavadi, Dr. Michael A. Hogg, Dr. Mark Rinella

    Chapter 3: Emotional underpinnings of war: An evolutionary analysis of anger and hatred

    Dr. Anthony C. Lopez, Dr. Aaron Sell

    Chapter 4: Women, God, and war - Analysing an odd triangle

    Dr. Fernanda Buril

    Chapter 5: Ethnic cleansing: Reversing the effects

    Professor Neophytos Loizides, Dr. Djordje Stefanovic

    Chapter 6: How Modern is the Holocaust?

    Professor Amos Goldberg

    SECTION 2: Terrorism

    Dr. Carol A. Ireland

    Chapter 7: The Evolution of Terrorism: Historical Underpinnings and the Development of Group Terrorism

    Professor Randall D. Law

    Chapter 8: Psychological and criminological understanding of terrorism: Theories and models

    Dr. Zoe Marchment, Professor Paul Gill

    Chapter 9: Legal and Security Frameworks for Responding to Online Violent Extremism: A Comparison of Far-right and Jihadist Contexts

    Dr. Imogen Richards, Dr. Mark Wood

    Chapter 10: Continuities and discontinuities in radicalization trends: The case of Kenya

    John Mwangi

    Chapter 11: Responses to terrorism: Policing and countering terrorism in the modern age

    Professor Mathieu Deflem

    Chapter 12: Holly Terror - How scriptures legitimized group violence in the Middle East

    Dr. Mark Tomass and Clarissa Luttmann

    Chapter 13: Rehabilitation of terrorists: Current understanding and perspectives

    Dr. Kurt Braddock

    SECTION 3: Public Order and Organised Violent Crime

    Dr. Michael Lewis

    Chapter 14: How crowd violence arises and how it spreads: A critical review of theory and evidence

    Dr. John Drury, Dr. Clifford Stott, Dr. Stephen Reicher. Dr. Roger Ball, Dr. Fergus Neville

    Chapter 15: Managing Collective Violence: Policing Public Order and Public Safety Events

    Supt. David Marshall

    Chapter 16: Gangs, violence and County lines

    Dr. Paul Andell

    Chapter 17: Criminal gangs in global perspective: Motivations, transformations and functions

    Moritz Schuberth

    Chapter 18: Exploring the currency of violence in Serious Organised Crime (SOC)

    Professor Stuart Kirby, Dr. Rebecca Phythian, Dr. Laura Boulton

    Chapter 19: The use of violence and the evolution of organized crime: Evidence from Mexico

    Dr. Laura Atuesta

    Chapter 20: Organised violence: The Mafia

    Dr. Daniele Gianmarco, Marco Le Moglie

    Chapter 21: Disrupting organised crime in the UK: Tackling violence, intimidation and coercion

    Dr. Michael Lewis, Daniel T. Beaumont, Rob Ewin

    SECTION 4: Gang and multiple offender groups

    Professor Jane L. Ireland

    Chapter 22: Distinguishing between aggression in groups and in gangs: Are gangs always violent?

    Dr. Matthew Valasik, Dr. Shannon E. Reid

    Chapter 23: Current understanding of multiple perpetrator sexual offending

    Dr. Teresa da Silva

    Chapter 24: Current understanding of multiple perpetrator sexual offending

    Dr. James Dentley

    Chapter 25: Biker gangs: Evolution and motivation

    Dr. Carol A. Ireland, Professor Jane L. Ireland, Soeren Henrich

    Chapter 26: Fatal violence and outlaw biker gangs

    Dr. Mohammed Rahman

    Chapter 27: Prison gangs - what we know so far and how unique are they?

    Professor Jane L. Ireland


    Carol A. Ireland is a Consultant Chartered Psychologist, Forensic Psychologist and Chartered Scientist. She is a Reader in Aggression at the University of Central Lancashire and Senior Research Lead at the Ashworth Research Centre. She is also the Director of Studies for the MSc in Forensic Psychology. She holds a visiting/honorary professorship at Charles Sturt University. She currently works at the Coastal Child and Adult Therapeutic Services, working with children and adults who present with offence concerns and/or are victims.

    Michael Lewis is a Chartered Psychologist, Chartered Scientist, Associate Fellow of the British Psychological Society and Lecturer in Forensic Psychology at the University of Central Lancashire, Preston. He is the Research Lead for Policing and Security at the Ashworth Research Centre, Mersey Care NHS Trust, and as part of this role collaborates with numerous police forces across the UK. Dr Lewis is the Editor-In-Chief of the Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice.

    Anthony C. Lopez is an Associate Professor of Political Psychology in the School of Politics, Philosophy, and Public Affairs, at Washington State University. Dr. Lopez serves as Associate Editor of Politics with the Evolution Institute and blogs regularly at Psychology Today.

    Jane L. Ireland is a Chartered Forensic Psychologist and Chartered Scientist, holds a Professorial Chair at the University of Central Lancashire and is Violence Treatment Lead within High Secure Services, Ashworth Hospital. She holds three further (visiting/honorary) professorships at Abo Akademi University, Charles Sturt University and Cardiff Metropolitan University. She is currently academic lead for the Ashworth Research Centre.

    "The ‘problem’ of war is not human desires—desires that make us what we are, that are the stuff of life. Rather, violence and war occur when the conflictual behavioural strategy is judged to be more promising than peaceful competition and cooperation for attaining objects of human desire. Both our basic desires and the conditions that channel the efforts to fulfil them to the conflictual path are necessary for understanding why war occurs."Azar Gat, Tel Aviv University, Israel