1st Edition

The Handbook of Fatigue Management in Transportation Waking Up to the Challenge

    600 Pages 62 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    In the world of transportation, fatigue is a silent killer that can affect us all. Understanding fatigue, including how to manage it to minimize safety risk, is of great importance. However, while it is one thing to recognize that fatigue is a critical safety issue, it is quite another to set up a successful, scientifically informed fatigue risk management programme. This book is here to help. It has been carefully designed as a comprehensive reference point, bringing together international expertise from leaders in fatigue science, and showcasing valuable insights from transportation industry practitioners.

    The 40 authored chapters are divided into six sections, to better understand fatigue science, the consequences of fatigue in transportation, contributors to fatigue, managing fatigue and promoting alertness, real world case studies of fatigue management in practice, and future perspectives. While it is possible to read each chapter in isolation, most will be gained by reading the book as a whole. Each chapter starts with an abstract overview and concludes with summary bullet points, creating a handy "quick check" for key points.

    This accessible text is for those who are interested in supporting alert and safe transportation operations. It is suitable for professionals, transport managers, government advisors, policy makers, students, academics, and anyone who wants to learn more. All transport modes (road, rail, maritime and aviation) are considered. For anyone waking up to the complex challenge of fatigue management, this handbook is a must.

    Section 1 – Fatigue science and transportation

    Chapter 1.1 - Toward a more precise definition of fatigue

    Thomas J. Balkin, Samantha M. Riedy, Arnaud Rabat, & Karl E. Friedl

    Chapter 1.2 - Measuring operator fatigue and sleepiness

    Mikael Sallinen & Göran Kecklund

    Chapter 1.3 - Challenges in fatigue research and enforcement

    Anna Anund & Anna Sjörs Dahlman

    Chapter 1.4 - The effects of fatigue on performance in transportation operations

    Matthew J.W. Thomas, Madeline Sprajcer, & Drew Dawson

    Chapter 1.5 - A practical Human Factors method for developing successful fatigue countermeasures

    Ashleigh J. Filtness & Anna Anund


    Section 2 – Fatigue-related consequences in transportation

    Chapter 2.1 - Fatigue-related consequences on road crashes

    Charles Goldenbeld, Ingrid van Schagen, & Ragnhild Davidse

    Chapter 2.2 - Fatigue risk in Great Britain’s railway industry

    Dan Basacik, Ann Mills, Mark Young, Ishbel Macgregor-Curtain, & Nora Balfe

    Chapter 2.3 - Awakening to the challenge of fatigue management in maritime transportation

    Nita Lewis Shattuck, Darian Lawrence-Sidebottom, Panagiotis Matsangas, & Matthew Nicholson

    Chapter 2.4 - Fatigue-related consequences in aviation

    Katherine Wilson & Jana Price

    Chapter 2.5 - Telling the story: How and why investigating for fatigue can improve safety in transportation operations

    Christina M. Rudin-Brown, Geneviève Dubé, Michelle S. Gauthier, David Mohan, & Ari Rosberg

    Chapter 2.6 - Fatigue’s effects on occurrence survivability

    Sarah Harris

    Chapter 2.7 - Regulatory and legal frameworks for managing fatigue in transportation

    Drew Dawson, Madeline Sprajcer, & Matthew J.W. Thomas



    Section 3 - Factors that contribute to fatigue and sleepiness in transportation

    Chapter 3.1 - Sleep pressure and circadian rhythms

    Anastasi Kosmadopoulos

    Chapter 3.2 - Jet lag, sleep timing, and sleep inertia

    Cassie J. Hilditch & Dorothee Fischer

    Chapter 3.3 - Sleep disorders and driving

    Walter T. McNicholas

    Chapter 3.4 - Task-related causes or contributors to fatigue and sleepiness

    Ann Williamson

    Chapter 3.5 - Lifestyle as a mediator of fatigue and sleepiness

    Melissa Ulhôa, Elaine Cristina Marqueze, & Claudia R.C. Moreno


    Section 4 - Managing fatigue and promoting alertness in transportation

    Chapter 4.1 - Approaches to fatigue management: Where we are and where we’re going

    Madeline Sprajcer, Matthew J.W. Thomas, & Drew Dawson

    Chapter 4.2 - Rules resistance: The inequitable trade, missing logical links and solutions to surmount the challenge

    Clinton Marquardt

    Chapter 4.3 - Work scheduling – Biomathematical modelling for fatigue risk, and its role in fatigue risk management processes

    Steven R. Hursh & Jaime K. Devine

    Chapter 4.4 - Fatigue risk thresholds

    Emily M. Moslener, Hans P.A. Van Dongen, & Kimberly A. Honn

    Chapter 4.5 - Fatigue profiling: An approach to understand occurrence, causes and effects of fatigue in people working in different transport sectors

    Ross O. Phillips

    Chapter 4.6 - Fatigue detection technology

    Clémentine François & Jérôme Wertz

    Chapter 4.7 - Individual countermeasures to fatigue

    Fran Pilkington-Cheney

    Chapter 4.8 - Light as a countermeasure to sleepiness and its potential for use in the transport industry

    Shamsi Shekari Soleimanloo & Simon Smith

    Chapter 4.9 - It takes two: Health management and its interface with fatigue

    Anjum Naweed, Janine Chapman, & Amy C. Reynolds

    Chapter 4.10 - Aircrew fatigue and scheduling – a summary of some recent studies using the same outcome measure

    Torbjörn Åkerstedt & Mikael Sallinen

    Chapter 4.11 - Fatigue management education for young novice drivers

    Ashleigh J. Filtness, Sally Maynard, Rachel Talbot, Claire Quigley, & Evita Papazikou


    Section 5 - Transportation fatigue risk management in practice

    Chapter 5.1 - Tram Operations Limited - Insights from our journey to improve fatigue and wellness management

    Jackie Townsend, Cynthia Spencer, Andy Wallace, Bradley Jennings, & Ben Groome

    Chapter 5.2 - Assessing railway traffic controller safety with an hourly risk index

    Bart Roets & Simon Folkard

    Chapter 5.3 - Rail transport: Lessons learned in implementing a sleep apnoea assessment program in the transportation industry

    Daria Luisi, Tamara Dumanovsky, Laura Bienenfeld, Muataz Jaber, Nelson Gonzalez, & Patrick Warren

    Chapter 5.4 - Marine transport – Using technologies for managing the risk of fatigue at sea

    Michelle Grech

    Chapter 5.5 - Fatigue and sleepiness in UK policing

    Yvonne Taylor

    Chapter 5.6 - Managing commercial vehicle driver fatigue in Canada: A government perspective

    Pierre Thiffault

    Chapter 5.7 - Friend or foe? The use of digital devices in the fight against monotony and boredom in Air Traffic Management

    Lea Sophie Vink


    Section 6 - Fatigue risk management of the future

    Chapter 6.1 - Road vehicle automation and its effects on fatigue, sleep, rest and recuperation

    Christer Ahlström, Johanna Wörle, Mikael Ljung Aust, & Frederik Diederichs

    Chapter 6.2 - Through the darkness of future past: A cautionary tale

    Anjum Naweed, Verna Blewett, Lily Hirsch, & Ashleigh J. Filtness

    Chapter 6.3 - Space transport and fatigue

    Crystal L. Kirkley, Zachary L. Glaros, Nicholas G. Bathurst, Cassie J. Hilditch, & Erin E. Flynn-Evans

    Chapter 6.4 - The future of fatigue management: Strategies, policies, and societal expectations

    Mark R. Rosekind, Erin. E. Flynn-Evans, & Kevin B. Gregory


    Dr Christina (Missy) Rudin-Brown, PhD, CCPE has over 20 years’ experience in transportation safety human factors research and investigation and has published over 100 peer-reviewed publications. She currently manages the Human Factors and Macro Analysis team at the Transportation Safety Board of Canada (TSB) and does part-time consulting with Toronto-based Human Factors North, Inc. She has investigated the existence, influence, and management of fatigue in occurrences from all modes of transportation and is an expert member of several international transportation safety committees. She is co-editor, with Dr Samantha Jamson, of the book "Road Safety and Behavioural Adaptation: Theory, Evidence, and Action", published by Taylor & Francis (CRC Press).

    Professor Ashleigh Filtness, PhD is a Professor of Transport Human Factors and Sleep Science at Loughborough University, UK. Ashleigh is fascinated by sleepiness and fatigue and their impact on safety. She has spent over 15 years’ performing transportation safety research and has authored over 90 peer-reviewed publications. Since completing her PhD in 2011 on ‘Obstructive sleep apnoea and daytime driver sleepiness’, Professor Filtness has continued her fatigue research working in the Human Factors groups at the Monash University Accident Research Centre (Melbourne) and the Queensland University of Technology’s Centre for Accident Research and Road safety in Australia before moving to the Transport Safety Research Centre at Loughborough University in 2016. Her research seeks to better understand the situations that contribute to sleepiness/fatigue and how these can best be managed to reduce the impact on safety. She specialises in vehicle operator impairment in road and rail transport and has a wealth of experience conducting competitively funded research, industry and government funded projects seeking to improve safety.