The history of medicine has been a robust field of academic inquiry and popular discussion since the 1970s. The interest in it goes back much further, but it was then that it began to link up with social protest and the counter-culture movement, and with feminist politics in particular. Medicine was seen as a part of ‘the Establishment’, perceived to be anti-democratic and paternalistic. The blossoming of the social history of medicine was launched on this agenda, focusing on the historically disenfranchised: the mad, women, the disabled, ‘unorthodox’ healers, social medicine, and so on. The field expanded in the 1980s and 90s with a shift from ‘the social’ to the ‘the cultural history of medicine’, connecting it to an abiding interest in ‘the body’. The centrality of medicine and the body to the work of Michel Foucault was a part of that move. Today, interest is sustained through the politics of biomedicine (including bioethics, and the turn to the ‘neuro’), which render it one of the most vibrant areas in the academy and one of the most topical in popular culture.
Table of Contents
VolUME i: Ancient and Medieval Medicine
1. Vivian Nutton, ‘Galen at the Bedside’, in William F. Bynum and Roy S. Porter (eds.), Medicine and the Five Senses (Cambridge University Press, 1993), pp. 7–16.
2. Helen King, ‘The Power of Paternity: The Father of Medicine Meets the Prince of Physicians’, in David Cantor (ed.), Reinventing Hippocrates (Ashgate, 2002), pp. 21–36.
3. Philip J. Van Der Eijk, ‘The Heart, the Brain, the Blood and the Pneuma: Hippocrates, Diocles and Aristotle on the Location of Cognitive Processes’, Medicine and Philosophy in Classical Antiquity: Doctors and Philosophers on Nature, Soul, Health and Disease (Cambridge University Press, 2005), pp. 119–35.
4. Vivian Nutton, ‘Healers in the Medical Market Place: Towards a Social History of Graeco-Roman Medicine’, in Andrew Wear (ed.) Medicine in Society: Historical Essays (Cambridge University Press, 1992), pp. 15–58.
5. Brooke Holmes, ‘In Strange Lands: Disembodied Authority and the Rise of the Physician in the Hippocratic Corpus and Beyond’, in Markus Asper (ed.) in collaboration with Anna-Maria Kanthak, Writing Science: Medical and Mathematical Authorship in Ancient Greece (Walter de Gruyter, 2013), pp. 431–72.
6. Heinrich von Staden, ‘Writing the Animal: Aristotle, Pliny the Elder, Galen’, in Markus Asper (ed.) in collaboration with Anna-Maria Kanthak, Writing Science: Medical and Mathematical Authorship in Ancient Greece (Walter de Gruyter, 2013), pp. 111–44.
7. Peter Robert Lamont Brown, ‘Body and City: From Paul to Anthony’, The Body and Society: Men, Women, and Sexual Renunciation in Early Christianity (Columbia University Press, 1988), pp. 5–32.
8. Peter E. Pormann, ‘Medical Methodology and Hospital Practice: The Case of Tenth-century Baghdad’, in Peter Adamson (ed.), In the Age of al-Farabi: Arabic Philosophy in the 4th/10th Century (Warburg Institute, 2008), pp. 95–118.
9. Chiara Crisciani, ‘History, Novelty, and Progress in Scholastic Medicine’, Osiris, 1990, 6, 118–39.
10. Katharine Park, ‘Relics of a Fertile Heart: "The Autopsy" of Clare of Montefalco’, in Anne L. McClanan and Karen Rosoff Encarnacioìn (eds.), The Material Culture of Sex, Procreation, and Marriage in Premodern Europe (Palgrave, 2001), pp. 115–33.
11. Roger French, ‘Astrology in Medical Practice’, in Luis García-Ballester, Roger French, Jon Arrizabalaga, and Andrew Cunningham (eds.), Practical Medicine from Salerno to the Black Death (Cambridge University Press, 1994), pp. 30–59.
12. Fernando Salmón, ‘The Body Inferred: Knowing the Body Through the Dissection of Texts’, in Linda Kalof (ed.), A Cultural History of the Human Body (Berg, 2010), Vol. 2: A Cultural History of the Human Body in the Medieval Age, pp. 77–97.
13. Shigehisa Kuriyama, ‘Blood and Life’, The Expressiveness of the Body and the Divergence of Greek and Chinese Medicine (Zone Books, 1999), pp. 195–232.
14. Monica Green, ‘Women’s Medical Practice and Health Care in Medieval Europe’, in Judith M. Bennett, Elizabeth A. Clarke, Jean F. O’Barr, B. Anne Vilen, and Sarah Westphal-Wihl (eds.), Sisters and Workers in the Middle Ages (Chicago University Press, 1989), pp. 39–78.
Volume II: Early Modern Medicine
15. Katherine Park, ‘Was There a Renaissance Body?’, in Allen J. Grieco, Michael Rocke, and Giogredi Superbi (eds.), The Italian Renaissance in the Twentieth Century (Acts of an International Conference, Florence, Villa I Tatti, 9–11 June 1999) (Olschki, 2002), pp. 321–35.
16. Monica Azzolini, ‘The Star-Crossed Duke: Gian Galeazzo Sforza and Medical Astrology’, The Duke and the Stars: Astrology and Politics in Renaissance Milan (Harvard University Press, 2013), pp. 135–66.
17. Antonio Barrera, ‘Local Herbs, Global Medicines: Commerce, Knowledge, and Commodities in Spanish America’, in Pamela E. Smith and Paula Findlen (eds.), Merchants and Marvels: Commerce, Science, and Art in Early Modern Europe (Routledge, 2002), pp. 163–83.
18. Sandra Cavallo and Tessa Storey, ‘Worrying About the Air’, Healthy Living in Late Renaissance Italy (Oxford University Press, 2013), pp. 70–112.
19. Angus Gowland, ‘Medicine, Psychology, and the Melancholic Subject in the Renaissance’, in Elena Carrera and Andrew Colin Gow (eds.), Emotions and Health, 1200–1700 (Brill, 2013), pp. 185–219.
20. Charlotte Furth, ‘A Doctor’s Practice: Narratives of the Clinical Encounter in Late Ming Yangzhou’, ‘A Flourishing Yin’: Gender in China’s Medical History, 960–1665 (University of California Press, 1999), pp. 224–65.
21. Sachiko Kusukawa, ‘The Cannon of the Human Body: Vesalius’s De Humani Corporis Fabrica’, Picturing the Book of Nature: Image, Text, and Argument in Sixteenth-Century Human Anatomy and Medical Botany (University of Chicago Press, 2012), pp. 199–227.
22. Jonathan Sawday, ‘Execution, Anatomy, and Infamy: Inside the Renaissance Anatomy Theatre’, The Body Emblazoned: Dissection and the Human Body in Renaissance Culture (Routledge, 1995), pp. 54–84, 279–85.
23. Lianne McTavish, ‘Birth and Death in Early Modern Europe’, in Linda Kalof and William Bynum (eds.), The Cultural History of the Human Body in the Renaissance, Vol. 3 (Oxford and New York: Berg, 2010), pp. 15–35.
24. Gianna Pomata, ‘Praxis Historialis: The Uses of Historia in Early Modern Medicine’, in Pomata and Nancy G. Siraisi (eds.), Empiricism and Erudition in Early Modern Europe (MIT Press, 2005), pp. 105–46.
25. Nancy Siraisi, ‘Disease and Symptom as Problematic Concepts in Renaissance Medicine’, in Eckhard Kessler and Ian Maclean (eds.), Res et Verba in der Renaissance (Harrassotwitz Verlag, 2002), pp. 217–49.
26. Alisha Rankin, ‘Dorothea Mansfield: A Mirror and Example for Rich and Poor’, Panaceia’s Daughters: Noblewomen as Healers in Early Modern Germany (Chicago University Press, 2013), pp. 93–127.
Volume III: Medicine in Modernity (the eighteenth to mid-twentieth Centuries)
27. Roy Porter, ‘Medical Science and Human Science in the Enlightenment’, in Christopher Fox, Roy Porter, and Robert Wokler (eds.), Inventing Human Science: Eighteenth-Century Domains (University of California Press, 1995), pp. 53–87.
28. Mary Lindemann, ‘The Enlightenment Encountered: The German Physicus and his World, 1750–1820’, in Roy Porter (ed.), Medicine in the Enlightenment (Rodopi, 1995), pp. 181–97.
29. Samuel J. M. M. Alberti, ‘Wax Bodies: Art and Anatomy in Victorian Medical Museums’, Museum History Journal, 2009, 2, 1, 7–36.
30. Larissa N. Heinrich, ‘How China Became the "Cradle of Smallpox": Transformations in Discourse’, The Afterlife of Images: Translating the Pathological Body Between China and the West (Duke University Press, 2008), pp. 15–38.
31. Constance Malpas, ‘Jules Guérin Makes his Market: The Social Economy of Orthopaedics in Paris, 1825–1845’, in Cornelie Usborne and Willem De Blécourt (eds.), Cultural Approaches to the History of Medicine: Mediating Medicine in Early Modern and Modern Europe (Palgrave Macmillan, 2004), pp. 148–70.
32. Andrew Cunningham, ‘Transforming Plague: The Laboratory and the Identity of Infectious Disease’, in Cunningham and Perry Williams (eds.), The Laboratory Revolution n Medicine (Cambridge University Press, 1992), pp. 209–44.
33. Tim Boon, ‘Lay Disease Narratives, Tuberculosis and Health Education Films’, in Flurin Condrau and Michael Worboys (eds.), Tuberculosis Then and Now: Perspectives on the History of an Infectious Disease (McGill-Queens University Press, 2010), pp. 24–48.
34. David Armstrong, ‘The Rise of Surveillance Medicine’, Sociology of Health & Illness, 1995, 17, 393–404.
35. Ishita Pande, ‘Sanitary Subjects: Fevers, Filth and Freedom in a Dual City’, Medicine, Race and Liberalism in British Bengal: Symptoms of Empire (Routledge, 2010), pp. 97–120.
36. Steve Sturdy and Roger Cooter, ‘Science, Scientific Management and the Transformation of Medicine in Britain, c. 1870–1950’, History of Science, 1998, 36, 421–66.
37. Bruno Latour, ‘Medicine at Last’, The Pasteurization of France (Harvard University Press, 1993), pp. 12, 111–45.
38. Mathew Thomson, ‘Disability, Psychiatry, and Eugenics’, in Alison Bashford and Phillippe Levine (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the History of Eugenics (Oxford University Press, 2010), pp. 116–33.
39. Andreas-Holger Maehler, ‘Disciplining Doctors: Medical Courts of Honour and Professional Conduct’, Doctors, Honour and the Law: Medical Ethics in Imperial Germany (Palgrave Macmillan, 2009), pp. 6–46.
40. Thomas Dixon, ‘Patients and Passions: Languages of Medicine and Emotion, 1789–1850’, in Fay Bound Alberti (ed.), Medicine, Emotion and Disease, 1700–1950 (Palgrave Macmillan, 2006), pp. 22–52.
Volume iv: Medicine in Postmodernity
41. Deborah R. Gordon, ‘Tenacious Assumptions in Western Medicine’, in Margaret Lock and Deborah R. Gordon (eds.), Biomedicine Examined (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1988), pp. 19–56.
42. Jean-Paul Gaudillière , ‘Making Heredity in Mice and Men: The Production of Uses of Animal Models in Postwar Human Genetics’, in Jean-Paul Gaudillière and Ilana Löwy (eds.), Heredity and Infection: The History of Disease Transmission (Routledge, 2001), pp. 181–202.
43. Stefan Hirschauer, ‘Performing Sexes and Genders in Medical Practices’, in Marc Berg and Annemarie Mol (eds.), Differences in Medicine: Unraveling Practices, Techniques, and Bodies (Duke University Press, 1998), pp. 12–27.
44. Atwood D. Gaines and Robbie Davis-Floyd, ‘Biomedicine’ in Carol R. Ember and Melvin Ember (eds.), Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology: Health and Illness in the World’s Cultures, Vol. 1: Topics (Kluwer Academic, 2004), pp. 95–109.
45. Margaret Lock, ‘Globalization and the Cultures of Biomedicine: Japan and North America’, in Helaine Selin (ed.), Medicine Across Cultures: History and Practice of Medicine in Non-Western Cultures (Kluwer Academic, 2003), pp. 155–73.
46. Steve Study, ‘Reflections: Molecularlization, Standardization and the History of Science’, in Soraya de Chadarevian and Harmke Kamminga (eds.), Molecularizing Biology and Medicine: New Practices and Alliances, 1910–1970s (Harwood Academic Publishers, 1998), pp. 273–92.
47. Adam Bencard, ‘Life Beyond Information: Contesting Life and the Body in History and Molecular Biology’, in Susanne Bauer and Ayo Wahlberg (eds.), Contested Categories: Life Science in Society (Ashgate, 2009), pp. 135–54.
48. Karen-Sue Taussig, ‘Genetics and its Publics: Crafting Genetic Literacy and Identity in the Early Twenty-first Century’, in Regula Valérie Burri and Joseph Dumit (eds.), Biomedicine and Culture: Instrumental Practices, Technoscientific Knowledge, and New Modes of Life (Routledge, 2007), pp. 191–204.
49. Ilana Löwy, ‘"Predispositions", "Cofactors" and "Images of AIDS"’, in Jean-Paul Gaudillière and Ilana Löwy (eds.), Heredity and Infection: The History of Disease Transmission (Routledge, 2001), pp. 327–53.
50. Catherine Waldby, ‘The Biomedical Imagination and the Anatomical Body: AIDS and the Nature/Culture Distinction’, in Catherine Waldby, AIDS and the Body Politic: Biomedicine and Sexual Difference (Routledge, 1996), pp. 19–50.
51. Roger Cooter and Claudia Stein, ‘Visual Objects and Universal Meanings: AIDS Posters, "Globalization", and History’, Medical History, 2011, 55, 85–108.
52. Nikolas Rose and Joelle Abé-Rachol, ‘The Birth of the Neuromolecular Gaze’, History of the Human Sciences, 2010, 23, 11–36.
53. Lisa Cartwright, ‘An Etiology of the Neurological Gaze’, Screening the Body: Tracing Medicine’s Visual Culture (University of Minnesota Press, 1995), pp. 47–80, 176–9.
54. Fernando Vidal, ‘Brains, Bodies, Selves, and Science: Anthropologies of Identity and the Resurrection of the Body’, Critical Inquiry, 2002, 28, 4, 930–74.
55. David Reubi, ‘The Human Capacity to Reflect and Decide: Bioethics and the Reconfiguration of the Research Subject in the British Biomedical Sciences’, Social Studies of Science, 2012, 42, 348–68.
56. Kara W. Swanson, ‘Sperm Banking, the Third Wave’, in ‘Buying Dad From the Sperm Bank’, Banking on the Body: The Market in Blood, Milk, and Sperm in Modern America (Harvard University Press, 2014), pp. 225–37, 314–15.