For the first time, readers can discover the numerous pioneers of the Soviet nuclear industry, including the role of scientific supervisors of Russia's nuclear project and the statesmen who coordinated the function of the atomic industry in the former USSR. This is a detailed account, translated to English for the first time, of the development of the atomic industry in the former Soviet Union. It deals with the activities of production facilities, research institutes and design bureaus that designed and manufactured equipment and materials. That material was applied in various fields of atomic science and engineering, but primarily in the construction of atomic weapons. History of Soviet Atomic Industry will be of interest to scientists and engineers in the nuclear industry, as well as historians of science and the post-war Soviet Union.
Table of Contents
Prewar Period (1918-1941). War Period (1941-45). Infancy of Nuclear Weapons Creation in the USSR. First Production Reactor A. First Radiochemical Plant B. First Plant for Producing Nuclear Charges (Plant V). Concluding Phase of the First Plutonium Bomb Project. Semipalatinsk Test Site. Experimental and Full-Scale Enriched T235U Production. First Soviet Heavy-Water Nuclear Reactors. Natural Uranium Resources for the Nuclear Program. First Order for Producing Items of Uranium Metal and Other Materials for Atomic Industry. Nuclear and Radiation Safety. Conclusion. References. Index.
Arkadii Kruglov worked for over forty years in the atomic industry for the former Soviet Union, including 16 years work at the closed institute Chelyabinsk-40. He was awarded a State Prize in 1980 for his work on procedures to protect against air pollution due to radioactive releases from nuclear power stations and he later participated in the Governmental Commission to clean up after the accident in Chernobyl. He died in 1997.