The Human Side of Disaster
Since the first edition of The Human Side of Disaster was published in 2009, new catastrophes have plagued the globe, including earthquakes in Haiti and New Zealand, tornadoes in Alabama and Missouri, floods in numerous locations, Hurricane Sandy, and the infamous BP oil spill. Enhanced with new cases and real-world examples, The Human Side of Disaster, Second Edition presents an updated summary of the social science knowledge base of human responses to disaster. Dr. Drabek draws upon his 40-plus years of conducting research on individual, group, and organizational responses to disaster to illustrate and integrate key insights from the social sciences to teach us how to anticipate human behaviors in crisis.
The book begins with a series of original short stories rooted within actual disaster events. These stories are woven into the entire text to demonstrate essential findings from the research literature. Dr. Drabek provides an overview of the range of disasters and hazards confronting the public and an explanation of why these are increasing each year, both in number and scope of impact.
The core of the book is a summary of key findings regarding disaster warning responses, evacuation behavior, initial post-impact survival behavior, traditional and emergent roles of volunteers, and both short-term and longer-term disaster impacts. The theme of "organized-disorganization" is used to illustrate multiorganizational response networks that form the key managerial task for local emergency managers. The final chapter provides a new vision for the emergency management profession—one that reflects a more strategic approach wherein disasters are viewed as non-routine social problems.
This book will continue to be an invaluable reference for professionals and students in emergency management and public policy and aid organizations who need to understand human behavior and how best to communicate and work with the public in disaster situations.
The Problem and Approach
The Danger around You Is Increasing
Potentials for Catastrophe
The Many Faces of Disaster
Hear That Siren?
Who Panics and Why
Neutralizing Threat Information
Doing It Right
But Not Everyone Responds the Same
It Can’t Be Done
That Lady Named Carla
A Disaster Subculture?
The Mythology of Car Wrecks
"Resisters? We Will Arrest Them!"
Confirmation: A Likely Action
Appeal to Authority
Appeal to Peer
Families Are the Units
Shall We Leave?
Pathways to Evacuation
Evacuation by Default
Evacuation by Invitation
Evacuation by Compromise
Evacuation by Decision
Where Do They Go?
"We Wanna Go Home"
Encourage Family Planning for an Evacuation
Forceful, but Not Mandatory
Allay Looting Fears
Establish Family Message Centers
An Aside: Crisis Relocation Planning and Homeland
Security Advisory System
Crisis Relocation Planning
Homeland Security Advisory System
The Disaster Syndrome: Another Myth Exploded
Heroes: They Are for Real
Helpers: How Many Are There?
"Where Is My Daughter?"
But There Are Constraints
The Age of Litigation
Volunteers? You Bet!
The Flood Breakers
Are Volunteers Like Yachts?
The Utopian Mood
Unveiling the Many Forms of Volunteerism
Raining in Indianapolis
"But We Deal with Emergencies Daily"
Indianapolis Coliseum Explosion, October 31, 1963
Wichita Falls, Texas, Tornado, April 10, 1979
Mount St. Helens Eruption, May 18, 1980
Sorting Out Organizational Responders
Is Communication the Problem?
Lake Pomona SAR Response, June 17, 1978
Social Map: Lake Pomona Communication Structure
Cooperation Is Not Enough
Issue: Focused Public Information Plan
Life in a Fishbowl
The Bitch Phase
Windows of Opportunity
"When Can We Go Home?"
What about My Psyche?
An Atypical Example
Kinfolk and Friends
"This Is My Mother"
What Must Be Done?
Variable Perceptions of Risk
Spread the Risk
Creating a Culture of Preparedness
Disasters Are Nonroutine Social Problems
Community Change Agents
Professionalism in Emergency Management
An Expanded Vision
Strategies for Maintaining Organizational Integrity
Disaster Response Coordination Strategies