The Iberian World: 1450–1820 brings together, for the first time in English, the latest research in Iberian studies, providing in-depth analysis of fifteenth- to early nineteenth-century Portugal and Spain, their European possessions, and the African, Asian, and American peoples that were under their rule.
Featuring innovative work from leading historians of the Iberian world, the book adopts a strong transnational and comparative approach, and offers the reader an interdisciplinary lens through which to view the interactions, entanglements, and conflicts between the many peoples that were part of it. The volume also analyses the relationships and mutual influences between the wide range of actors, polities, and centres of power within the Iberian monarchies, and draws on recent advances in the field to examine key aspects such as Iberian expansion, imperial ideologies, and the constitution of colonial societies.
Divided into four parts and combining a chronological approach with a set of in-depth thematic studies, The Iberian World brings together previously disparate scholarly traditions surrounding the history of European empires and raises awareness of the global dimensions of Iberian history. It is essential reading for students and academics of early modern Spain and Portugal.
Table of Contents
List of illustrations. List of figures. List of contributors. Acknowledgements.
Introduction. Fernando Bouza, Pedro Cardim, and Antonio Feros
Part 1: THE IBERIAN PENINSULA (FIFTEENTH‒SEVENTEENTH CENTURY)
1 The shaping of the Iberian polities in the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries. Xavier Gil 2 The political constitution of the Iberian monarchies. Pedro Cardim, Antonio Feros, and Gaetano Sabatini 3 The Iberian polities within Europe: politics and state building. José Javier Ruiz Ibáñez 4 Religious identities in the Iberian worlds (1500‒1700). Ronnie Po-chia Hsia and Federico Palomo 5 Iberia, North Africa, and the Mediterranean. Fernando Rodríguez Mediano 6 The union between Portugal and the Spanish monarchy (1581– 1640). Jean-Frédéric Schaub 7 Iberian society. Mafalda Soares da Cunha and Igor Knezevic 8 Women and gender: structures and roles (1400‒1820). Allyson M. Poska and Kirsten Schultz 9 The peninsular economies and the impact of globalisation (ca. 1494‒1700). Bartolomé Yun-Casalilla 10 Cultures and communication across the Iberian world (fifteenth–seventeenth centuries). Fernando Bouza 11 Religious conversion and identities in the Iberian peninsula. James S. Amelang and Mercedes García-Arenal 12 Black Africans in the Iberian peninsula (1400–1820). Arlindo Caldeira and Antonio Feros
Part 2: EXPANSION AND EMPIRES (FIFTEENTH‒SEVENTEENTH CENTURY)
13 Iberian explorations: the construction of global empires (1450‒1650). Giuseppe Marcocci 14 Administration and government of the Iberian empires. Pilar Ponce Leiva and Alexander Ponsen 15 Patterns of conquest and settlement of the Iberian Americas. Stuart B. Schwartz 16 Asians in the Iberian world. Tatiana Seijas and Ângela Barreto Xavier 17 Amerindians in the Iberian world. Maria Regina Celestino de Almeida and Tatiana Seijas 18 Portugal, Spain, and the transatlantic slave trade. Roquinaldo Ferreira and Pablo Miguel Sierra Silva 19 Colonial societies in Asia. Jorge Flores 20 Europeans, Indians, and Africans in the making of colonial societies. Ida Altman and Thiago Krause 21 Imperial economies. José L. Gasch-Tomás and Susana Münch Miranda 22 Artistic experiences in the Iberian world, sixteenth–seventeenth centuries. Luisa Elena Alcalá and Nuno Senos
Part 3: THE EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY IBERIAN WORLD
23 Enlightened politics in Portugal and Spain. M. Victoria López-Cordón and Nuno Gonçalo Monteiro 24 Enlightened reformism in Iberian culture and science. Hugh Cagle and Matthew Crawford 25 Imperial competition in the eighteenth-century Americas. Junia Ferreira Furtado and Gabriel Paquette 26 Reform in Spanish and Portuguese America. Josep M. Fradera and Gabriel Paquette 27 Social change in the eighteenth-century Iberian world. Michel Bertrand and Fernanda Olival 28 New imperial economies. Regina Grafe and Jorge M. Pedreira
Part 4: THE IBERIAN WORLD IN THE AGE OF REVOLUTIONS 29 Protest and resistance against colonial rule in Iberian America. Hal Langfur and Charles F. Walker 30 War and revolution in the Iberian Atlantic. Jeremy Adelman 31 Portugal and Spain under the newly established liberal regimes. António Manuel Hespanha and José M. Portillo 32 Independence in Iberian America. Anthony McFarlane and João Paulo Pimenta
Fernando Bouza is Professor at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid, and a specialist in early modern Iberian culture and politics. He is the author of Portugal no tempo dos Filipes. Política, cultura, representações (1580–1668) (2000); Communication, Knowledge, and Memory in Early Modern Spain (2004); and Hétérographies. Formes de l´écrit au Siècle d´Or espagnol (2010).
Pedro Cardim is Associate Professor of early modern history at the Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, and the author of Portugal unido y separado. Felipe II, la unión de territorios y la condición política del reino de Portugal (2014); and Portugal y la Monarquía Hispánica (ca. 1550–ca. 1715) (2017).
Antonio Feros is Rose Family Endowed Term Professor of History at the University of Pennsylvania, and the author of numerous publications on early modern Spanish history. He recently published a book entitled Speaking of Spain. The Evolution of Race and Nation in the Hispanic World (2017).