Construction projects involve a complex set of relationships, between parties with different professional backgrounds trying to achieve a very complex goal. Under these difficult circumstances, the quality of information on which projects are based should be of the highest possible standard. The line-based, two dimensional drawings on which conventional construction is based render this all but impossible. This is the source of some major shortcomings in the construction industry, and this book focuses on the two most fundamental of these: the failure to deliver projects predictably: to the required quality, on time and within budget; and the failure of most firms in the industry to make a survivable level of profit. By transforming the quality of information used in building, BIM aims to transform construction completely.
After describing and explaining these problems, the way in which BIM promises to provide solutions is examined in detail. A discussion of the theory and practice of BIM is also provided, followed by a review of various recent surveys of BIM usage in the US, UK and selected European economies. The way in which other industries, including retail and manufacturing, have been transformed by information are explored and compared with current developments in the deployment of BIM in construction. Five case studies from the UK show how BIM is being implemented, and the effects it is having on architects and contractors.
This book is perfect for any construction professional interested in improving the efficiency of their business, as well as undergraduate and postgraduate students wishing to understand the importance of BIM.
Table of Contents
1. UK Industry Background 2. International Context 3. Introduction to Building Information Modelling 4. The Immediate, Project-Level Impact of BIM 5. The Strategic, Industry Level Impact of BIM 6. Build Off- Site 7. BIM Implementation (including International Case Studies) 8. Legal Issues 9. Technical issues 10. Commercial Issues 11. Policy Issues 12. Cultural Issues
Ray Crotty worked in a variety of management control roles on North Sea projects with Bechtel, Phillips Petroleum and Shell, before going on to spend 10 years with Bovis. He devised and implemented the extranet-based document management and communications systems – the earliest known project collaboration system – used on the Bluewater project in Kent, England. He founded C3 Systems Ltd in 1999 to develop the Bluewater ideas and to generalise their use in the industry. He was a founding member of the UK chapter of BuildingSMART (formerly IAI).
"...provides a clear and carefully articulated overview and direction of the use of BIM in the construction industry. If everyone were to read this book, we would all be much wiser about BIM and current shifts and changes in the construction industry."
– Construction Management and Economics
"Ray Crotty is a construction industry veteran with a long-standing involvement in IT. As a founder of the UK chapter of BuildingSMART, he was at the forefront in debates about interoperability, and he writes knowledgeably about Information Foundation Classes and other initiatives in his account of the development of cad and bim, and includes some useful case studies." – Building Design