The Impact of COVID-19 on Prison Conditions and Penal Policy presents the results of a worldwide exchange of information on the impact of COVID-19 in prisons. It also focuses on the human rights questions that have been raised during the pandemic, relating to the treatment of prisoners in institutions for both juveniles and adults worldwide.
The first part brings together the findings and conclusions of leading prison academics and practitioners, presenting national reports with information on the prison system, prison population rates, how COVID-19 was and is managed in prisons, and its impact on living conditions inside prisons and on reintegration programmes. Forty-four countries are covered – many in Europe, but also Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Perú, Costa Rica, Canada, the USA, Kenya, South Africa, China, India, Japan, Australia and New Zealand. In the second part, thematic chapters concentrate explicitly on the impact of the pandemic on the application of international human rights standards in prisons and on worldwide prison population rates. The book concludes by drawing out the commonalities and diverging practices between jurisdictions, discussing the impact of measures introduced and reflecting on what could be learnt from policies that emerged during the pandemic. Particular attention is paid to whether "reductionist" strategies that emerged during the pandemic can be used to counteract mass incarceration and prison overcrowding in the future.
Although the book reflects the situation until mid 2021, after the second and during the third wave of the pandemic, it is highly relevant to the current situation, as the living conditions in prisons did not change significantly during the following waves, which showed high infection rates (in particular in the general population), but increased vaccination rates, too. In prisons, problems the pandemic raises have an even greater impact than for the general society.
Revealing many notable and interesting changes in prison life and in release programmes, this book is essential reading for students and scholars of penology, criminology, law, sociology and public health. It will also appeal to criminal justice practitioners and policy makers.
Table of Contents
Frieder Dünkel, Stefan Harrendorf and Dirk van Zyl Smit
Lorana Bartels, Thalia Anthony, Felicity Gerry, Andreea Lachsz and Steven Caruana
Walter Hammerschick and Karin Bruckmüller
Olivia Nederlandt, An-Sofie Vanhouche and Kristel Beyens
Ellen Rodrigues and Eduardo Khoury
Sandra Bucerius, Rosemary Ricciardelli and Luca Berardi
Alvaro Castro Morales, Guillermo Sanhueza, Julio Cortéz and Violeta Puran
9. Colombia, Bolivia, Perú, Argentina
Cesar Valderrama and Juan Hernandez
10. Costa Rica
Carlos Tiffer-Sotomayor and Paola Tiffer Hangen
Maja Munivrana Vajda and Elizabeta Ivičević Karas
12. Czech Republic
Helena Válková and Jana Hulmáková
Anette Storgaard and Linda Kjaer Minke
Catherine Heard and Nicola Padfield
Priit Kama and Anneli Soo
Frieder Dünkel and Christine Morgenstern
22. Ireland (including Northern Ireland)
Ciara O’Connell, Mary Rogan, Michelle Martyn and Shadd Maruna
Lorenzo Picotti and Luisa Ravagnani
Kenji Takeuchi and Akinori Otani
Mercy Deche, Conrad Bosire and Sarah Kinyanjui
Jolande uit Beijerse and Miranda Boone
29. New Zealand
30. North Macedonia
Gordana Lažetic and Elena Mujoska-Trpevska
Anabela Miranda Rodriguez and Inês Horta Pinto
Ioan Durnescu and Ioana Mihaela Morar
Hannah Graham and Katrina Morrison
Danijela Mrhar Prelić and Robert Friškovec
40. South Africa
Josep Cid, Laura Negredo López and Carles Soler
Lars Håkan Nilsson and Jenny Kärrholm
Melanie Wegel and Jonas Weber
Galma Akdeniz and İdil Aydınoğlu
James Byrne, Don Hummer, Sabrina S. Rapisarda and Kimberly R. Kras
46. International prisoners and the pandemic – Seeking release, improved conditions and family contact before international criminal courts
47. International Human Rights and COVID-19 in prisons: Medical isolation and independent oversight
Dirk van Zyl Smit, Roisin Mulgrew
48. Prison population rates before and during the pandemic: lessons from COVID-19 about over-incarceration and its consequences for health
49. Summary analysis of the situation in prisons and prison policy during and after the SARS-CoV-2 induced crisis
Frieder Dünkel, Stefan Harrendorf, Dirk van Zyl Smit
50. What could we learn from COVID-19? – a reductionist and penal moderation approach
Frieder Dünkel, Sonja Snacken
Frieder Dünkel is Professor Emeritus at the Department of Criminology at the University of Greifswald, Germany.
Stefan Harrendorf is Professor of Criminology, Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure and Comparative Criminal Law and Justice at the University of Greifswald, Germany.
Dirk van Zyl Smit is Professor Emeritus of Comparative and International Penal Law at the University of Nottingham, UK, and Professor Emeritus of Criminology at the University of Cape Town, South Africa.