The Impact of Legislatures brings together key articles and path-breaking scholarship published in The Journal of Legislative Studies during its first 25 years of publication, enabling the reader to make sense of the impact of legislatures in the modern world.
Encompassing theory, comparative analysis, and county-based empirical studies, the volume examines the impact of legislatures as the key representative institutions of nations, addressing their relationships both to government and to the people. Legislatures are ubiquitous. They provide legitimacy to measures of public policy and to government. As such, they are key to how a nation is governed. But they do much more than confer legitimacy. They are generally multi-functional and functionally adaptable bodies, and are an essential link between citizen and government. However, scholarship on them has not been extensive and has often been descriptive and country- specific, limiting the capacity to make sense of them as a particular species of institution. The chapters in this volume reflect scholarship that helps the reader appreciate the significance of the place and consequences of legislatures, examining not only the relationship between the legislature and the executive, but also the oft-neglected relationship between legislatures and the people.
Reflecting the growing body of research in the field of legislative studies, carried by The Journal of Legislative Studies since its inception in 1995, The Impact of Legislatures is essential reading for anyone wishing to understand the impact of legislatures in the world today.
Table of Contents
1. Rational-choice theory in legislative studies: Models of politics without romanticism
2. Conditional agenda-setting and decision-making inside the European parliament
3. Introduction: Comparing the Legislative Performance of Legislatures
4. Social Choice and Comparing Legislatures: Constitutional versus Institutional Constraints
Anthony J. McGann
5. Rethinking Bicameral Strength: A Three-Dimensional Approach
6. Conclusion. Questioning the ‘Mezey Question’: An Interrogatory Framework for the Comparative Study of Legislatures
PARTY, DIVISION AND CONSENSUS
7. Party Unity in Parliamentary Democracies: A Comparative Analysis
8. Parliamentary Consociationalism in Lebanon: Equal Citizenry vs. Quotated Confessionalism
Imad Salamey and Rhys Payne
9. Parliamentary Opposition in Westminster Democracies: Britain, Canada, Australia and New Zealand
10. Differences and Changes in Danish Party Organisations: Central Party Organisation Versus Parliamentary Party Group Power
Helene Helboe Pedersen
11. Ethnic Group Representation in Cross-National Comparison
12. Women’s Substantive Representation: Defending Feminist Interests or Women’s Electoral Preferences?
13. State-based Representation and National Policymaking: The Evolution of the Australian Senate and the Federation
14. ‘A More Representative Chamber’: Representation and the House of Lords
Hugh Bochel and Andrew Defty
INFLUENCE OF MEMBERS
15. Assessing the Influence of Select Committees in the UK: The Education and Skills Committee, 1997-2005
Andrew Hindmoor, Phil Larkin and Andrew Kennon
16. Exploring the Role of ‘Legislators’ in Canada: Do Members of Parliament Influence Policy?
17. Parliament and the poll tax: A case study in parliamentary pressure
PARLIAMENTS AND CITIZENS
18. Studying the Relationship between Parliament and Citizens
19. How Are Parliaments Using New Media to Engage with Citizens?
Jeffrey Griffith and Cristina Leston-Bandeira
20. Parliament and Citizens in the United Kingdom
21. Microblogging, Constituency Service and Impression Management: UK MPs and the Use of Twitter
Nigel Jackson and Darren Lilleker
22 Parliamentary Questions, the Behaviour of Legislators, and the Function of Legislatures: An Introduction
23. Questioning Parliamentary Questions
Olivier Rozenberg and Shane Martin
24. Parliamentary Questioning in 17 European Parliaments: Some Steps towards Comparison
Frederico Russo and Matti Wiberg
25. Parliamentary Questions as Instruments of Substantive Representation: Visible Minorities in the UK House of Commons, 2005-2010
Philip Norton (Lord Norton of Louth) is Professor of Government and Director of the Centre for Legislative Studies at the University of Hull, UK, and is a member of the UK House of Lords. He is the Founding Editor of The Journal of Legislative Studies.