1st Edition

The Impact of Technology on the Criminal Justice System A Psychological Overview

Edited By Emily Pica, David Ross, Joanna Pozzulo Copyright 2024
    476 Pages 11 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    476 Pages 11 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This comprehensive volume explores the impact of emerging technologies designed to fight crime and terrorism.

    It first reviews the latest advances in detecting deception, interrogation, and crime scene investigation, before then transitioning to the role of technology in collecting and evaluating evidence from lay witnesses, police body cameras, and super-recognizers. Finally it explores the role of technology in the courtroom with a particular focus social media, citizen crime sleuths, virtual court, and child witnesses. It shines light on emerging issues, such as whether new norms have been created in the emergence of new technologies and how human behaviour has shifted in response. Based on a global range of contributions, this volume provides an overview of the technological explosion in the field of law enforcement and discusses its successes and failures in fighting crime.

    It is valuable reading for advanced students in forensic or legal psychology and for practitioners, researchers, and scholars in law, criminal justice, and criminology.

    Part 1: Advances in Detecting Deception, Interrogation, and Crime Scene Investigation
    1. Do Automated and Virtual Interrogation and Deception Detection Systems Work?
    Kirk Luther, Valerie Arenzon, Ashley Curtis, Hannah de Almeida, Joshua Hachey, and Jessica Lundy
    2. The Emergence of Police Real-Time Crime Centers
    Johnny Nhan
    3. Facial Recognition Software for Lead Generation and Lineup Construction
    Lauren E. Thompson
    4. Advances and Future Prospects in Evolving Face Matching Technologies for Crime Prevention and Investigation
    Tia Bennett, Harriet M. J. Smith, and Heather D. Flowe
    5. Insanity Evaluations in the Age of Neuroimaging
    Michael J. Vitacco and Savanna Coleman
    6. A Decade of Evolution in the Forensic Investigative Field: A South African Overview
    Bernadine Benson, Juanida Horne, and Gideon Jones
    Part 2: Collecting and Evaluating Eyewitness Evidence from Lay Witnesses, Police Body Cameras, and Super-recognizers
    7. Who are you looking at? Using eye tracking to understand eyewitness decision making
    Jamal K. Mansour and Jonathan P. Vallano
    8. Understanding Eyewitness Testimony with Virtual Reality
    Markus Bindemann and Matthew C. Fysh
    9. Facial Composite Technology and Eyewitness Identification
    Graham Pike
    10. Technological Advances in the Administration of Lineups
    Tia Bennett, Madeleine P. Ingham, Melissa F. Colloff, Harriet M.J. Smith, and Heather D. Flowe
    11. Using Body-Worn Camera Footage to Remember Use-of-Force Incidents
    Craig Bennell, Simon Baldwin, Andrew Brown, and Ariane-Jade Khanizadeh
    12. “Super-recognisers” and the Legal System
    Emma Portch, Janice Attard-Johnson, Alejandro J. Estudillo, Natalie Mestry and Sarah Bate
    Part 3: Technology in the Courtroom: Social Media, Citizen Crime Sleuths, Virtual Court, and Child Witnesses
    13. Digitally-Networked Sleuthing: Online Platforms, Netizen Detectives, and
    Bottom-up Investigations
    James P. Walsh
    14. The Virtual Court: Implications for Eyewitnesses and Beyond
    Eryn J. Newman, Bethany Muir, and Nericia Brown
    15. The Impact of Technology on Jurors’ Decisions
    Emma Rempel and Tara Burke
    16. The CSI Effect and its Impact on the Legal System, Policy, and Practice
    Kimberley Schanz
    17. Is Facial Recognition Software a Solution to the Negative Effects of Social Media on Eyewitness Testimony?
    Heather M. Kleider-Offutt and Beth B. Stevens
    18. Developmental Psychology and Law in the Digital Era: Emerging Trends,
    Challenges, and Opportunities
    I-An Su and Stephen J. Ceci


    Emily Pica is an associate professor in the Department of Psychological Science and Counseling, Austin Peay State University, USA. Her current research interests involve investigating ways in which we can improve eyewitness identification accuracy, as it is one of the leading causes of wrongful convictions. Additionally, she examines which factors may be more (or less) influential in jurors’ decision making.

    David Ross, is a UC Foundation Professor of Psychology at the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga. He studies factors that impact the accuracy of eyewitness memory in children and adults. He has helped exonerate the wrongly imprisoned based on errors in eyewitness identification and works to prevent wrongful convictions by training law enforcement on collecting identification evidence according to research-based guidelines.

    Joanna Pozzulo is Chancellor’s Professor in the Department of Psychology at Carleton University, Canada, Director of the Mental Health and Well-Being Research and Training Hub (MeWeRTH), and director of the Laboratory for Child Forensic Psychology. The primary goal of her research is to understand how memory in the context of witnessing crime differs across the lifespan, focusing on the young eyewitness.