In the 1950s biologists became alarmed by the plight of Africa’s wildlife. Since then they have sought to arrest its decline, but increasing competition between wild fauna and expanding human populations shows that protection alone has been inadequate. The conservationists’ position and strategies have been progressively eroded: large-scale game cropping schemes have failed to produce expected revenues, the consequences of the tourist industry have been unexpectedly detrimental, and educational programs have rarely convinced rural Africans to conserve resources. Dr. Marks argues that the management and conservation of wild animals in Third World countries must include cultural as well as biological dimensions and that changes in human social systems will be necessary to sustain wildlife and the environmental processes. He describes indigenous attempts to manage wildlife and suggests new research initiatives that would lead to wildlife policies more in keeping with human development needs and with the realities of the rural countryside.
Table of Contents
Preface -- Introduction -- Human Dimensions in Wildlife Management: A Conceptual Framework -- The Transformation of a Central African Landscape -- Local Resources Under a Lineage Management System -- Wildlife Resources Under Colonial and Bureaucratic States -- A Conclusion That May be a Beginning -- Common (English) and Scientific Names of Wild Mammals Mentioned in the Text -- Summary of Events Relating to Wildlife Cropping in Luangwa Valley, 1934–1972 -- Location of National Parks in Zambia and Their Approximate Areas -- Location and Sizes of Declared Game Management Areas in Zambia
Dr. Marks is chairman of the Department of Anthropology and Environmental Studies at St. Andrews Presbyterian College and consultant to the Agency for International Development and to the UN Food and Agricultural Organization.